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The problem of the inclusion of spatial dependence within the TOPSIS method


  • Michal Bernard Pietrzak

    () (Nicolaus Copernicus University)


According to Tobler’s first law of geography, one of the key issues in doing the regional research is considering spatial location. Therefore, the article presents a proposal for modifying the TOPSIS method, which allows the spatial dependence to be considered in the research. The composite index calculated by means of the modified TOPSIS method allows to determine the trend in the level of the development of the phenomenon under study, assuming the impact of the spatial mechanisms. The TOPSIS method defined in that way has been applied in the spatial analysis of the situation on the labour market in Poland.

Suggested Citation

  • Michal Bernard Pietrzak, 2015. "The problem of the inclusion of spatial dependence within the TOPSIS method," Working Papers 111/2015, Institute of Economic Research, revised Apr 2015.
  • Handle: RePEc:pes:wpaper:2015:no111

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Michal Bernard Pietrzak, 2013. "Interpretation Of Structural Parameters For Models With Spatial Autoregression," Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy, Institute of Economic Research, vol. 8(2), pages 129-155, June.
    2. Elzbieta Janton-Drozdowska & Maria Majewska, 2015. "Social capital as a key driver of productivity growth of the economy: across-countries comparison," Working Papers 132/2015, Institute of Economic Research, revised May 2015.
    3. Agnieszka Malkowska & Michal Gluszak, 2016. "Pro-Investment Local Policies In The Area Of Real Estate Economics – Similarities And Differences In The Strategies Used By Communes," Oeconomia Copernicana, Institute of Economic Research, vol. 7(2), pages 269-283, June.
    4. Adam P. Balcerzak, 2015. "Europe 2020 Strategy and Structural Diversity Between Old and New Member States. Application of zero-unitarizatin method for dynamic analysis in the years 2004-2013," Working Papers 122/2015, Institute of Economic Research, revised Apr 2015.
    5. Michal Bernard Pietrzak & Justyna Wilk, 2013. "The impact of metropolitan areas on internal migrations in Poland. The case of southern regions," Working Papers 24/2013, Institute of Economic Research, revised Jul 2013.
    6. Adam P. Balcerzak, 2016. "Multiple-criteria Evaluation of Quality of Human Capital in the European Union Countries," Working Papers 18/2016, Institute of Economic Research, revised May 2016.
    7. Michal Bernard Pietrzak & Justyna Wilk & Tomasz Kossowski & Roger Bivand, 2013. "The identification of spatial dependence in the analysis of regional economic development – join-count test application, IER Working Papers, 2013, No. 30," Working Papers 30/2013, Institute of Economic Research, revised Jul 2013.
    8. Elzbieta Janton-Drozdowska & Maria Majewska, 2015. "Social Capital As A Key Driver Of Productivity Growth Of The Economy: Across-Countries Comparison," Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy, Institute of Economic Research, vol. 10(4), pages 61-83, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Paweł Dziekański & Piotr Prus, 2020. "Financial Diversity and the Development Process: Case study of Rural Communes of Eastern Poland in 2009–2018," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(16), pages 1-25, August.

    More about this item


    regional research; spatial econometrics; spatial dependence; TOPSIS method;

    JEL classification:

    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General

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