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The Delimitation of Bipolar Metropolitan Area within the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Region


  • Miroslaw Biczkowski

    () (Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Poland)

  • Iwona Muller-Fraczek

    () (Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Poland)

  • Joanna Muszynska

    () (Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Poland)

  • Michal Bernard Pietrzak

    () (Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Poland)

  • Justyna Wilk

    () (Wroclaw University of Economics, Poland)


The objective of the article was to re-define the bipolar metropolitan area within the Kujawsko-Pomorskie region (NUTS 2). Concentration of metropolitan features, as well as socio-economic situations of its communes (NUTS 5) in 2011, and also their development in the period 2009-2011 were examined. Bydgoszcz and Torun, the economically strongest cities in the region, were established as the dual core of the metropolitan area. The determined metropolitan area will cover the most developed communes which meet the following criteria: neighbourhood, continuity, compactness, maximum distance and population. The development levels of communes were determined using taxonomic development measure. Its values were calculated considering the economic and also social aspects of regional development, as well as features typical of metropolitan areas, such as: well-developed sectors of R&D, knowledge-based economy and serving superior services. The metropolitan area resulted from the research slightly differs from the Bydgoszcz–Torun Metropolitan Area (appointed in 2005) and composed all of the communes located within the Bydgoski and Torunski districts (NUTS 4). Chelmza and Koronowo, the less developed communes of the districts, were excluded from the new metropolitan area, while the neighbouring communes of Ciechocinek, Naklo and Unislaw were included due to their significant level of regional development. The Inowroclaw district is a prospective candidate to join the metropolitan area.

Suggested Citation

  • Miroslaw Biczkowski & Iwona Muller-Fraczek & Joanna Muszynska & Michal Bernard Pietrzak & Justyna Wilk, 2014. "The Delimitation of Bipolar Metropolitan Area within the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Region," Working Papers 3/2014, Institute of Economic Research, revised May 2014.
  • Handle: RePEc:pes:wpaper:2014:no3

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Michal Bernard Pietrzak, 2013. "Interpretation Of Structural Parameters For Models With Spatial Autoregression," Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy, Institute of Economic Research, vol. 8(2), pages 129-155, June.
    2. Michal Bernard Pietrzak & Justyna Wilk & Stanislaw Matusik, 2013. "Gravity model as the tool for internal migration analysis in Poland in 2004-2010," Working Papers 28/2013, Institute of Economic Research, revised Jul 2013.
    3. Michal Bernard Pietrzak & Justyna Wilk & Mariola Chrzanowska, 2013. "Economic situation of eastern Poland and population migration movement," Working Papers 29/2013, Institute of Economic Research, revised Jul 2013.
    4. Iwona Muller-Fraczek & Michal Bernard Pietrzak, 2011. "Space-Time Modelling of the Unemployment Rate in Polish Poviats," Dynamic Econometric Models, Uniwersytet Mikolaja Kopernika, vol. 11, pages 203-213.
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    More about this item


    delimitation; metropolitan area; synthetic measure of development;

    JEL classification:

    • C38 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Classification Methdos; Cluster Analysis; Principal Components; Factor Analysis
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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