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The Role of Turkish Immigrants in Entrepreneurial Activities in Germany


  • Amelie Constant

    () (The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), Bonn)

  • Yochanan Shachmurove

    () (Departments of Economics, City College of The City University of New York and University of Pennsylvania)

  • Klaus F. Zimmermann

    () (Bonn University, IZA and DIW Berlin)


This paper addresses a central issue to migration the role of immigrants in entrepreneurial activity. In particular, the paper focuses on the determinants of the decision to become an entrepreneur for Turks living in Germany. The paper provides some important benchmarks, including the self-employment behavior of natives. The paper utilizes a comprehensive and reliable data base, the German Socioeconomic Panel to undertake systematic econometric analyses using appropriate statistical methods. The findings are that observable characteristics play different roles in the self-employment choice of immigrants and natives, whereas age-earnings profiles are similar for native and immigrant entrepreneurs.

Suggested Citation

  • Amelie Constant & Yochanan Shachmurove & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2005. "The Role of Turkish Immigrants in Entrepreneurial Activities in Germany," PIER Working Paper Archive 05-029, Penn Institute for Economic Research, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania.
  • Handle: RePEc:pen:papers:05-029

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Bruder, Jana & Räthke-Döppner, Solvig, 2008. "Ethnic minority self-employment in Germany: Geographical distribution and determinants of regional variation," Thuenen-Series of Applied Economic Theory 100, University of Rostock, Institute of Economics.
    2. David, Alexandra, 2017. "Migrantisches Unternehmertum: Eine Chance der Arbeitsmarkintegration für geflüchtete Menschen?," Forschung Aktuell 02/2017, Institut Arbeit und Technik (IAT), Westfälische Hochschule, University of Applied Sciences.
    3. Unal, Umut, 2014. "Trends in Self-Employment among Different Race Groups in the United States of America," MPRA Paper 81435, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Bruder, Jana & Neuberger, Doris & Räthke-Döppner, Solvig, 2008. "Financial constraints of ethnic entrepreneurship: Evidence from Germany," Thuenen-Series of Applied Economic Theory 84, University of Rostock, Institute of Economics.
    5. Iftikhar, Zainab & Zaharieva, Anna, 2016. "General equilibrium effects of immigration in Germany: search and matching approach," Center for Mathematical Economics Working Papers 568, Center for Mathematical Economics, Bielefeld University.
    6. Rashidi, Sheida & Pyka, Andreas, 2013. "Migration and innovation: A survey," FZID Discussion Papers 77-2013, University of Hohenheim, Center for Research on Innovation and Services (FZID).
    7. Selim Çagatay & Murat Genç & Onur Koska, 2013. "The Impact of Immigration on International Trade in Europe: The Case of the EU-Mediterranean-Eastern Europe Zone," ERSA conference papers ersa13p376, European Regional Science Association.

    More about this item


    Entrepreneurship; Self-employment; Immigration; Guest-workers; Turkey; Germany; European Union; German Socioeconomic Panel Data; Binomial Logit; Treiman international occupational prestige scale.;

    JEL classification:

    • J0 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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