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Determinantes del desempeño adaptativo en el contexto de sistemas de información

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  • Edgardo R. Bravo

    (Universidad del Pacífico)

Abstract

Hoy en día las organizaciones están caracterizadas por el cambio y expuestas a contextos dinámicos lo cual pone de manifiesto cada vez más la necesidad de empleados adaptativos. En este sentido, la conceptualización del desempeño ha sido extendida. El desempeño tradicionalmente ha sido definido como la suficiencia con la que se ejecutan las tareas centrales del empleado. Ahora comprende aquella dimensión que se relaciona con la capacidad del individuo a adaptarse a cambios en el ambiente de trabajo. Más aún, el creciente trabajo mediado por computadores motiva una comprensión acerca de los factores que explican la adaptación en el contexto de sistemas de información. El desempeño adaptativo se entiende como el comportamiento del individuo conducente a modificar la tecnología o incrementar el dominio del sistema por parte de la persona. Esta temática está en pleno desarrollo, sin embargo, son todavía escasos los modelos explicativos en la literatura. Fundamentado en la teoría de la migración, el cambio de proveedor de servicios del marketing y el cambio de tecnología, el artículo propone un modelo de desempeño adaptativo donde se identifican tres constructos de segundo orden: empuje, atracción y enganche. Factor de empuje comprende aquellos aspectos negativos que resultan del actual dominio del sistema de información (insatisfacción, disconformidad); el factor de atracción comprende los aspectos positivos de mejorar mi actual dominio (ventaja relativa) y el factor de enganche comprende los factores barrera (y en extenso facilitadores) del comportamiento adaptativo (actitud, norma subjetiva, autoeficacia e inercia y costos de cambio). Se presentan, además, los lineamientos del método para su evaluación empírica.

Suggested Citation

  • Edgardo R. Bravo, 2015. "Determinantes del desempeño adaptativo en el contexto de sistemas de información," Working Papers 15-18, Centro de Investigación, Universidad del Pacífico.
  • Handle: RePEc:pai:wpaper:15-18
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