IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Toward a North American Security Perimeter? Assessing the Trade and FDI Impacts of Liberalizing 9/11 Security Measures


  • Patrick Georges

    () (Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON)

  • Marcel Mérette

    (Department of Economics, University of Ottawa, 55 Laurier E., Ottawa, Ontario)

  • Qi Zhang

    (Department of Economics, University of Ottawa, 55 Laurier E., Ottawa, Ontario)


This paper examines, for the first time, the trade and FDI impacts of a North American Security Perimeter that would liberalize the post 9/11 security measures at the Canada-US border. First, the study estimates econometrically the impact of post 9/11 security measures on bilateral (US-Canada) trade flows using a gravity model. Second, using these econometric estimates together with a three-region nine-sector general equilibrium model, we compute sectoral tariff rates “equivalent” to the 9/11 security measures. Finally, we assess the (general equilibrium) impacts on trade and FDI of a change of security paradigm toward a North American Security Perimeter. The paper shows that the economic opportunity gains occurring to Canada and the US from the liberalization of the 9/11 security measures amount to US$20 billion annually. This figure, once added to the direct administrative costs of the post 9/11 security measures, warrants serious consideration in policy discussions of a North American Security Perimeter.

Suggested Citation

  • Patrick Georges & Marcel Mérette & Qi Zhang, 2012. "Toward a North American Security Perimeter? Assessing the Trade and FDI Impacts of Liberalizing 9/11 Security Measures," Working Papers 1204E, University of Ottawa, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ott:wpaper:1204e

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Lakatos, Csilla & Terrie Walmsley, 2010. "A Global Multi-sector Multi-region Foreign Direct Investment Database for GTAP," GTAP Research Memoranda 3197, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University.
    2. Patrick Georges, 2010. "Dispensing with NAFTA Rules of Origin? Some Policy Options," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(11), pages 1606-1637, November.
    3. Trien T. Nguyen & Randall M. Wigle, 2011. "Border Delays Re-Emerging Priority: Within-Country Dimensions for Canada," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 37(1), pages 49-59, March.
    4. Grady, Patrick, 2009. "Were Canadian Exports to the U.S. Curtailed by the Post-9/11 Thickening of the U.S. Border?," MPRA Paper 21047, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Steven Globerman & Paul Storer, 2009. "Border Security and Canadian Exports to the United States: Evidence and Policy Implications," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 35(2), pages 171-186, June.
    6. Patrick GEORGES & Marcel MERETTE & Yazid DISSOU, "undated". "Liberalizing Foreign Direct Investment Restrictions in Canada: A Multi-Country Computable General Equilibrium Analysis," EcoMod2008 23800043, EcoMod.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Patrick Georges, 2012. "Trade Diversification Away from the U.S. or North American Customs Union? A Review of Canada’s Trade Policy Options," Working Papers 1205E, University of Ottawa, Department of Economics.

    More about this item


    Foreign Direct Investment; Trade Flows; Post 9/11 Security Measures; North American Security Perimeter; Gravity Model; General Equilibrium Modelling.;

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business
    • F5 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy
    • C2 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables
    • C6 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ott:wpaper:1204e. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Diane Ritchot). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.