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Expert endorsement and the legitimacy of public policy. Evidence from Covid19 mitigation strategies

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  • Bogliacino, Francesco

    (Universidad Nacional de Colombia)

  • Gómez, Camilo Ernesto

    (Centro de Investigaciones para el Desarrollo)

  • Montealegre, Felipe

    (Universidad Nacional de Colombia)

  • Charris, Rafael Alberto

    (Universidad Nacional de Colombia)

  • codagnone, cristiano

Abstract

During a pandemic, the government requires active compliance by citizens. While these demands can be enforced with rewards and punishments, legitimacy allows the government to achieve the same results with greater cost effectiveness. In this article, we measure revealed legitimacy through support of three potential mitigation strategies against Covid19, when they are defended using expert endorsement, consultation by civil society, and mediation between opposing interests. We elicit approval of the supporting arguments and of the communication strategy. Our methodological choice was to randomly assign participants to either a non-conflicting priming or to one that emphasizes the risks involved, (e.g. connection between health and economy, uncertainty, and economic costs). The data come from an online experiment we conducted as part of a longitudinal study of several countries. The countries included are Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom. The results show that the support of experts in non-controversial domains is preferred (consensus of value, low uncertainty, diffuse rents). Contrary to our hypotheses, we found that citizen deliberation is not preferred under high epistemic uncertainty, and mediation is either indifferent or not preferred under conflict of value and conflict of interest.

Suggested Citation

  • Bogliacino, Francesco & Gómez, Camilo Ernesto & Montealegre, Felipe & Charris, Rafael Alberto & codagnone, cristiano, 2021. "Expert endorsement and the legitimacy of public policy. Evidence from Covid19 mitigation strategies," SocArXiv zbqjd, Center for Open Science.
  • Handle: RePEc:osf:socarx:zbqjd
    DOI: 10.31219/osf.io/zbqjd
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    1. > Economics of Welfare > Health Economics > Economics of Pandemics > Specific pandemics > Covid-19 > Behavioral issues

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    1. Agranov, Marina & Elliott, Matt & Ortoleva, Pietro, 2021. "The importance of Social Norms against Strategic Effects: The case of Covid-19 vaccine uptake," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 206(C).
    2. Ali Farazmand & Hasan Danaeefard & Seyed Hosein Kazemi, 2024. "The Nexus of Policy Legitimacy and Crisismanship Performance: Examining the Harmonizing Role of Value-Based Decision Making," Public Organization Review, Springer, vol. 24(2), pages 521-538, June.

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