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Trends in Working Hours in OECD Countries

  • John M. Evans
  • Douglas C. Lippoldt
  • Pascal Marianna

In recent years, the decline in average annual hours of work per person in employment, which can be traced back for over a century, has slowed. In some countries, there has even been an increase in the average annual hours per person employed. In countries where continuing falls can be observed, this can be traced to legal action (for example, France, Japan and Portugal) or to particularly vigorous negotiation between the social partners (for example, Germany and the Netherlands). The United States and Sweden both show an increase in average annual hours, in the first case due partly to an increase in overtime hours, in the second to an increase in the hours worked by part-time workers. For the European countries, the paper shows how the pattern of change in weekly working hours can be linked, inter alia , to the institutional arrangements applying in the different countries. Part-time working has both exerted downward pressure on average working hours and been an important ... Entamée depuis plus d’un siècle, la baisse du temps de travail annuel par personne disposant d’un emploi s’est ralentie depuis quelques années, et s’est même inversée dans certains pays. Dans ceux où elle se poursuit, c’est suite à une action du législateur (France, Japon, Portugal) ou à des négociations vigoureuses entre les partenaires sociaux (Allemagne et Pays-Bas). Les États-Unis et la Suède enregistrent l’un comme l’autre une augmentation de la durée annuelle moyenne du travail. Dans le premier cas, c’est en partie dû à une progression des heures supplémentaires, dans le second, à un accroissement de la durée moyenne du travail à temps partiel. Pour les pays européens, cet article montre que l’évolution de la durée de travail hebdomadaire peut être reliée aux dispositifs institutionnels applicables à l’échelon national. Le temps partiel est responsable d’une baisse de la durée moyenne du travail et constitue une source majeure de création d’emplois dans la plupart des pays ...

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Papers with number 45.

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Date of creation: 30 Mar 2001
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Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaaa:45-en
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