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What Lies Behind Gender Inequality in Education?

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Abstract

While PISA reveals large gender differences in reading, in favour of 15-year-old girls, the gap is narrower when digital reading skills are tested. Indeed, the Survey of Adult Skills suggests that there are no significant gender differences in digital literacy proficiency among 16-29 year-olds. Boys are more likely to underachieve when they attend schools with a large proportion of socio‑economically disadvantaged students. Girls – even high-achieving girls – tend to underachieve compared to boys when they are asked to think like scientists, such as when they are asked to formulate situations mathematically or interpret phenomena scientifically. Parents are more likely to expect their sons, rather than their daughters, to work in a science, technology, engineering or mathematics field – even when their 15-year-old boys and girls perform at the same level in mathematics.

Suggested Citation

  • Oecd, 2015. "What Lies Behind Gender Inequality in Education?," PISA in Focus 49, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:eduddd:49-en
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.1787/5js4xffhhc30-en
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    Cited by:

    1. Töpfer, Marina & Castagnetti, Carolina & Rosti, Luisa, 2016. "Discriminate me - if you can! The Disappearance of the Gender Pay Gap among Public-Contest Selected Employees," Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145905, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    2. repec:bpj:bejeap:v:17:y:2017:i:2:p:14:n:3 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:eee:injoed:v:53:y:2017:i:c:p:48-57 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Heindl, Peter & Kanschik, Philipp, 2016. "Ecological sufficiency, individual liberties, and distributive justice: Implications for policy making," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 126(C), pages 42-50.
    5. Jarosław Oczki, 2016. "Gender Pay Gap in Poland," International Economics, University of Lodz, Faculty of Economics and Sociology, issue 14, pages 106-113, June.
    6. Dietrich Stauffer, 2016. "Income inequality in the 21st century — A biased summary of Piketty’s capital in the twenty-first century," International Journal of Modern Physics C (IJMPC), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 27(02), pages 1-6, February.
    7. Basu, Kaushik, 2016. "Globalization of labor markets and the growth prospects of nations," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 38(4), pages 656-669.
    8. Aleksandar Stulhofer & Ivan Buric, 2016. "In search of the egalitarian syndrome: cultural inertia in Croatia?," Financial Theory and Practice, Institute of Public Finance, vol. 40(4), pages 361-382.
    9. Florida, Richard & Mellander, Charlotta, 2017. "Innovation, Skill, and Economic Segregation," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 456, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    10. Bartling Björn & Grieder Manuel & Zehnder Christian, 2014. "Does competition justify inequality?," ECON - Working Papers 158, Department of Economics - University of Zurich, revised Nov 2015.
    11. Ben Etheridge, 2016. "Sell, Friedrich L.: The new economics of income distribution: introducing equilibrium concepts into a contested field," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 119(2), pages 171-173, October.
    12. Livio Di Matteo, 2016. "Wealth Distribution and the Canadian Middle Class: Historical Evidence and Policy Implications," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 42(2), pages 132-151, June.
    13. Belmondo V. Tanankem & Uchenna R. Efobi & Ngozi S. Atata, 2016. "Women Empowerment and Intra-household Dietary Diversity in Nigeria," Working Papers of the African Governance and Development Institute. 16/050, African Governance and Development Institute..
    14. repec:eee:injoed:v:53:y:2017:i:c:p:71-79 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. repec:gam:jscscx:v:6:y:2017:i:4:p:147-:d:121568 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Roby, Jini L. & Erickson, Lance & Nagaishi, Chanel, 2016. "Education for children in sub-Saharan Africa: Predictors impacting school attendance," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 110-116.

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