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Energy Taxation and Price Distortions in Fossil Fuel Markets: Some Implications for Climate Change Policy

  • Peter Hoeller
  • Jonathan Coppel

In response to the potential threat of global warming many countries are considering cost effective policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In this context much attention has been paid to taxes levied on the carbon content of fuels (carbon taxes), since they are a potentially efficient economic instrument for reducing emissions of CO2, the main greenhouse gas. This paper first reviews the existing structure of fossil fuel prices and taxes and the relationship between energy prices and carbon emissions. It then analyses the economic cost of superimposing carbon taxes on top of current energy taxes. Finally, using a simple energy demand system, tax reform proposals are simulated including restructuring present energy taxation by the average implicit carbon tax and a carbon cum energy tax similar to the EC proposal ... En réponse à la menace potentielle de réchauffement planétaire, de nombreux pays étudient des politiques de coût efficaces pour réduire les émissions de gaz à effet de serre. Dans ce contexte, les taxes perçues en fonction de la teneur en carbone des combustibles (taxes sur le carbone) ont été l'objet d'une attention particulière, ces taxes étant un instrument économique potentiellement efficace pour réduire les émissions de CO2, principal gaz à effet de serre. Ce document examine tout d'abord la structure existante des prix et des taxes s'attachant aux combustibles fossiles et la relation entre les prix de l'énergie et les émissions de carbone. Il analyse ensuite le coût économique que représente la superposition de taxes sur le carbone aux taxes déjà existantes sur l'énergie. Enfin, en utilisant un simple système de demande d'énergie, les propositions de réforme fiscale font l'objet d'une simulation comportant une restructuration du système actuel de taxation de l'énergie passant ...

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 110.

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Date of creation: 1992
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Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:110-en
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