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Interactions of Public Paratransit and Vocational Rehabilitation


  • Christopher M Clapp
  • Steven Stern
  • Steven Dan Yu


Federal and state governments spend over $3 billion annually on public-sector Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) programs, yet almost a third of people with disabilities report having inadequate access to the transportation necessary to commute to a job, potentially negating the positive e¤ects of these interventions. We examine this previously understudied connection by assessing the impact access to public paratransit has on measures of VR program e¤ectiveness. To do so, we use the data and estimates from three previously estimated structural models of VR service receipt and labor market outcomes that contain limited information about mobility. We spatially link the generalized residuals from these models to di¤erent measures of the availability and effciency of local paratransit systems to determine whether paratransit explains any of the residual variation in the short- or long-run labor market outcomes of individuals receiving VR services. Results show that access to paratransit is an important determinant of the e¢ cacy of VR services, but that effects are heterogeneous across disability groups. We discuss the policy implications of our findings for VR programs.

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  • Christopher M Clapp & Steven Stern & Steven Dan Yu, 2017. "Interactions of Public Paratransit and Vocational Rehabilitation," Department of Economics Working Papers 17-12, Stony Brook University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:nys:sunysb:17-12

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