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Brokers and the Equilibrium Price Function

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  • Michael Sattinger

Abstract

This paper describes the equilibrium price function generated by brokers in a market in which heterogeneous buyers meet heterogeneous sellers through a matching process with frictions. The equilibrium price function relates the price to alternative ratios of buyers and sellers offered by different brokers. The paper shows how brokers can enter a matching market and charge fees that yield a profit while making both buyers and sellers better off. Computational methods for deriving the equilibrium price function are developed and the solution is related to the market for access to trading partners.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Sattinger, 2003. "Brokers and the Equilibrium Price Function," Discussion Papers 03-11, University at Albany, SUNY, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:nya:albaec:03-11
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    File URL: http://www.albany.edu/economics/research/workingp/2003/EquilibriumPriceFunction.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Michael Sattinger, 1991. "Consistent Wage Offer and Reservation Wage Distributions," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(1), pages 277-288.
    2. Dale T. Mortensen & Randall Wright, 2002. "Competitive Pricing and Efficiency in Search Equilibrium," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 43(1), pages 1-20, February.
    3. Arnold, Michael A, 2000. "Costly Search, Capacity Constraints, and Bertrand Equilibrium Price Dispersion," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 41(1), pages 117-131, February.
    4. Reinganum, Jennifer F, 1979. "A Simple Model of Equilibrium Price Dispersion," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(4), pages 851-858, August.
    5. Rafael Rob, 1985. "Equilibrium Price Distributions," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 52(3), pages 487-504.
    6. Robert Shimer, 2005. "The Assignment of Workers to Jobs in an Economy with Coordination Frictions," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 113(5), pages 996-1025, October.
    7. Burdett, Kenneth & Judd, Kenneth L, 1983. "Equilibrium Price Dispersion," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(4), pages 955-969, July.
    8. Carlton, Dennis W., 1989. "The theory and the facts of how markets clear: Is industrial organization valuable for understanding macroeconomics?," Handbook of Industrial Organization,in: R. Schmalensee & R. Willig (ed.), Handbook of Industrial Organization, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 15, pages 909-946 Elsevier.
    9. Burdett, Kenneth & Mortensen, Dale T, 1998. "Wage Differentials, Employer Size, and Unemployment," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 39(2), pages 257-273, May.
    10. Helmut Bester, 1988. "Bargaining, Search Costs and Equilibrium Price Distributions," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 55(2), pages 201-214.
    11. Gerard R. Butters, 1977. "Equilibrium Distributions of Sales and Advertising Prices," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 44(3), pages 465-491.
    12. George J. Stigler, 1961. "The Economics of Information," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 69, pages 213-213.
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