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The (Heterogenous) Economic Effects of Private Equity Buyouts

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Listed:
  • Steven J. Davis
  • John C. Haltiwanger
  • Kyle Handley
  • Ben Lipsius
  • Josh Lerner
  • Javier Miranda

Abstract

The effects of private equity buyouts on employment, productivity, and job reallocation vary tremendously with macroeconomic and credit conditions, across private equity groups, and by type of buyout. We reach this conclusion by examining the most extensive database of U.S. buyouts ever compiled, encompassing thousands of buyout targets from 1980 to 2013 and millions of control firms. Employment shrinks 13% over two years after buyouts of publicly listed firms – on average, and relative to control firms – but expands 13% after buyouts of privately held firms. Post-buyout productivity gains at target firms are large on average and much larger yet for deals executed amidst tight credit conditions. A post-buyout tightening of credit conditions or slowing of GDP growth curtails employment growth and intra-firm job reallocation at target firms. We also show that buyout effects differ across the private equity groups that sponsor buyouts, and these differences persist over time at the group level. Rapid upscaling in deal flow at the group level brings lower employment growth at target firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Steven J. Davis & John C. Haltiwanger & Kyle Handley & Ben Lipsius & Josh Lerner & Javier Miranda, 2019. "The (Heterogenous) Economic Effects of Private Equity Buyouts," NBER Working Papers 26371, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:26371
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    Cited by:

    1. Shai Bernstein & Josh Lerner & Filippo Mezzanotti, 2020. "Private Equity and Portfolio Companies: Lessons from the Global Financial Crisis," Journal of Applied Corporate Finance, Morgan Stanley, vol. 32(3), pages 21-42, September.
    2. WASHIMI Kazuaki, 2020. "Prospects of Private Equity Funds in Japan-Expectations toward Finance with Ideas and Commitment-," Bank of Japan Research Papers 20-12-11, Bank of Japan.
    3. Paul Lavery & Jose-Maria Serena & Marina-Eliza Spaliara & Serafeim Tsoukas, 2021. "Private equity buyouts, credit constraints, and firm exports," Working Papers 2021_06, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance
    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance

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