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Shaping Liquidity: On the Causal Effects of Voluntary Disclosure

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  • Karthik Balakrishnan
  • Mary B. Billings
  • Bryan T. Kelly
  • Alexander Ljungqvist

Abstract

Can managers influence the liquidity of their firms' shares? We use plausibly exogenous variation in the supply of public information to show that firms seek to actively shape their information environments by voluntarily disclosing more information than is mandated by market regulations and that such efforts have a sizeable and beneficial effect on liquidity. Firms respond to an exogenous loss of public information by providing more timely and informative earnings guidance. Responses appear motivated by a desire to reduce information asymmetries between retail and institutional investors. Liquidity improves as a result of voluntary disclosure and in turn increases firm value. This suggests that managers can causally influence their cost of capital via voluntary disclosure.

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  • Karthik Balakrishnan & Mary B. Billings & Bryan T. Kelly & Alexander Ljungqvist, 2013. "Shaping Liquidity: On the Causal Effects of Voluntary Disclosure," NBER Working Papers 18984, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:18984
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    Cited by:

    1. Guay, Wayne & Samuels, Delphine & Taylor, Daniel, 2016. "Guiding through the Fog: Financial statement complexity and voluntary disclosure," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(2), pages 234-269.
    2. repec:eee:jaecon:v:63:y:2017:i:2:p:207-230 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Qu, Qixing & Wang, Lin & Qin, Liangjuan & Zhao, Xiaoye & Wang, Lijie, 2017. "The impact of information disclosure on market liquidity: Evidence from firms’ use of Twitter," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 465(C), pages 644-654.
    4. Lang, Mark & Stice-Lawrence, Lorien, 2015. "Textual analysis and international financial reporting: Large sample evidence," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(2), pages 110-135.
    5. Gassen, Joachim, 2014. "Causal inference in empirical archival financial accounting research," Accounting, Organizations and Society, Elsevier, vol. 39(7), pages 535-544.
    6. Billings, Mary Brooke & Jennings, Robert & Lev, Baruch, 2015. "On guidance and volatility," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(2), pages 161-180.
    7. Cox, Raymond A.K. & Dayanandan, Ajit & Donker, Han, 2016. "The Ricochet Effect of Bad News," The International Journal of Accounting, Elsevier, vol. 51(3), pages 385-401.
    8. Jennings R. & Lev B. & Billings M.B., 2013. "On guidance and volatility," Research Memorandum 039, Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics (GSBE).
    9. Li, Ting & Zaiats, Nataliya, 2017. "Information environment and earnings management of dual class firms around the world," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 1-23.
    10. Derrien, François & Kecskés, Ambrus & Mansi, Sattar A., 2016. "Information asymmetry, the cost of debt, and credit events: Evidence from quasi-random analyst disappearances," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 295-311.
    11. Kim, Abby, 2014. "The value of firms' voluntary commitment to improve transparency: The case of special segments on Euronext," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 342-359.
    12. Back, Kerry E. & Li, Tao & Ljungqvist, Alexander P., 2013. "Liquidity and Governance," CEPR Discussion Papers 9739, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    13. Schoenfeld, Jordan, 2017. "The effect of voluntary disclosure on stock liquidity: New evidence from index funds," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 51-74.
    14. repec:spr:reaccs:v:22:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s11142-017-9391-5 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. KIM, Hyonok & YASUDA, Yukihiro, 2016. "Mandatory adoption of business risk disclosure: evidence from Japanese firms," Working Paper Series G-1-14, Center for Financial Research, Graduate School of Commerce and Management, Hitotsubashi University.
    16. Chen, Jing & Jung, Michael J., 2016. "Activist hedge funds and firm disclosure," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 52-63.
    17. Craig W. Holden & Stacey Jacobsen & Avanidhar Subrahmanyam, 2014. "The Empirical Analysis of Liquidity," Foundations and Trends(R) in Finance, now publishers, vol. 8(4), pages 263-365, December.
    18. Dong, Ming, 2014. "The impact of firm-level transparency on the ex ante risk decisions of insurers: Evidence from an empirical study," ICIR Working Paper Series 14/14, Goethe University Frankfurt, International Center for Insurance Regulation (ICIR).
    19. repec:spr:reaccs:v:22:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s11142-017-9408-0 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Ying Cao & Linda A. Myers & Albert Tsang & Yong George Yang, 0. "Management forecasts and the cost of equity capital: international evidence," Review of Accounting Studies, Springer, vol. 0, pages 1-48.
    21. Kolobova, Valeriya A. & Zyatchin, Andrey V., 2016. "Business Process for the Selection of the Raw MaterialsÙ Supplier on the Example of the Company "Yuzhtehmontazh"," Conference Papers 8676, Graduate School of Management, St. Petersburg State University.
    22. Han, Bing & Tang, Ya & Yang, Liyan, 2016. "Public information and uninformed trading: Implications for market liquidity and price efficiency," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 163(C), pages 604-643.
    23. Mohamed, Abdulkadir & Schwienbacher, Armin, 2016. "Voluntary disclosure of corporate venture capital investments," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 69-83.
    24. Dayanandan, Ajit & Donker, Han & Karahan, Gökhan, 2017. "Do voluntary disclosures of bad news improve liquidity?," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 16-29.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • M41 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - Accounting

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