IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/nbr/nberwo/17232.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Gauging the Generosity of Employer-Sponsored Insurance: Differences Between Households With and Without a Chronic Condition

Author

Listed:
  • Jean M. Abraham
  • Anne Beeson Royalty
  • Thomas DeLeire

Abstract

We develop an empirical method to assess the generosity of employer-sponsored insurance across groups within the U.S. population. A key feature of this method is its simplicity - it only requires data on out-of-pocket (OOP) health care spending and total health care spending and does not require detailed knowledge of health insurance benefit design. We apply our method to assess whether households with a chronically ill member have more or less generous insurance relative to households with no chronically ill members. We find that the chronically ill have less generous insurance coverage than the non-chronically ill. Additional analyses suggest that the reason for this less generous coverage is not that households with a chronically ill member are in different, less generous plans, on average. Rather, households with a chronically ill member have higher spending on certain types of medical services (e.g., pharmaceutical drugs) that are covered less generously by insurance. Given recent work on value-based insurance design and coinsurance as an obstacle to medication adherence, our findings suggest that the current design of health plans may put the health and financial well-being of the chronically ill at risk.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean M. Abraham & Anne Beeson Royalty & Thomas DeLeire, 2011. "Gauging the Generosity of Employer-Sponsored Insurance: Differences Between Households With and Without a Chronic Condition," NBER Working Papers 17232, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:17232
    Note: EH
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.nber.org/papers/w17232.pdf
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Amitabh Chandra & Jonathan Gruber & Robin McKnight, 2010. "Patient Cost-Sharing and Hospitalization Offsets in the Elderly," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 100(1), pages 193-213, March.
    2. Jean Marie Abraham & Thomas DeLeire & Anne Beeson Royalty, 2009. "Moral Hazard Matters: Measuring Relative Rates of Underinsurance Using Threshold Measures," NBER Working Papers 15410, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Gaynor Martin & Li Jian & Vogt William B, 2007. "Substitution, Spending Offsets, and Prescription Drug Benefit Design," Forum for Health Economics & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 10(2), pages 1-33, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Kurt Lavetti & Thomas DeLeire & Nicolas R. Ziebarth, 2023. "How do low‐income enrollees in the Affordable Care Act marketplaces respond to cost‐sharing?," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 90(1), pages 155-183, March.
    2. William Encinosa, 2009. "Value-based insurance design in medicare," Applied Health Economics and Health Policy, Springer, vol. 7(3), pages 149-154, September.
    3. Michela Ponzo & Vincenzo Scoppa, 2016. "Cost-Sharing and Use of Health Services in Italy: Evidence from a Fuzzy Regression Discontinuity Design," CSEF Working Papers 440, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
    4. Marika Cabral & Mark R. Cullen, 2017. "The Effect Of Insurance Coverage On Preventive Care," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 55(3), pages 1452-1467, July.
    5. Glazer, Jacob & McGuire, Thomas G., 2012. "A welfare measure of “offset effects” in health insurance," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(5), pages 520-523.
    6. Katherine Baird, 2016. "The Financial Burden of Out-of-Pocket Expenses in the US and Canada: How Different is the US?," LIS Working papers 671, LIS Cross-National Data Center in Luxembourg.
    7. Herr, A. & Suppliet, M., 2011. "Co-Payment Exemptions and Reference Prices: an Empirical Study of Pharmaceutical Prices in Germany," Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers 11/18, HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York.
    8. Buntin Melinda & Hayford Tamara, 2016. "Evidence of Inefficiencies in Practice Patterns: Regional Variation in Medicare Medical and Drug Spending," Forum for Health Economics & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 19(2), pages 299-331, December.
    9. Fukushima, Kazuya & Mizuoka, Sou & Yamamoto, Shunsuke & Iizuka, Toshiaki, 2016. "Patient cost sharing and medical expenditures for the Elderly," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 115-130.
    10. Robert Kaestner & Cuping Schiman & G. Caleb Alexander, 2019. "Effects of Prescription Drug Insurance on Hospitalization and Mortality: Evidence from Medicare Part D," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 86(3), pages 595-628, September.
    11. Mariana Carrera & Dana Goldman & Geoffrey Joyce, 2013. "Heterogeneity in Cost-Sharing and Cost-Sensitivity, and the Role of the Prescribing Physician," NBER Working Papers 19186, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. Chung Jen Yang & Ying Che Tsai & Joseph J. Tien, 2017. "The Impacts of Persistent Behaviour and Cost-Sharing Policy on Demand for Outpatient Visits by the Elderly: Evidence from Taiwan’s National Health Insurance," The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance - Issues and Practice, Palgrave Macmillan;The Geneva Association, vol. 42(1), pages 31-52, January.
    13. Borrescio-Higa, Florencia, 2015. "Can Walmart make us healthier? Prescription drug prices and health care utilization," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 37-53.
    14. Américo, Pedro & Rocha, Rudi, 2020. "Subsidizing access to prescription drugs and health outcomes: The case of diabetes," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(C).
    15. Ponzo, Michela & Scoppa, Vincenzo, 2021. "Does demand for health services depend on cost-sharing? Evidence from Italy," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 103(C).
    16. Glazer Jacob & Huskamp Haiden A. & McGuire Thomas G., 2012. "A Prescription for Drug Formulary Evaluation: An Application of Price Indexes," Forum for Health Economics & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 15(2), pages 1-26, March.
    17. Nicolas Ziebarth, 2014. "Assessing the effectiveness of health care cost containment measures: evidence from the market for rehabilitation care," International Journal of Health Economics and Management, Springer, vol. 14(1), pages 41-67, March.
    18. Chandra, Amitabh & Gruber, Jonathan & McKnight, Robin, 2014. "The impact of patient cost-sharing on low-income populations: Evidence from Massachusetts," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 57-66.
    19. Abraham Jean M. & Royalty Anne Beeson & DeLeire Thomas, 2013. "Measuring the Financial Exposure from Medical Care Spending Among Families with Employer Sponsored Insurance," Forum for Health Economics & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 16(1), pages 1-25, July.
    20. Katherine Baicker & Dana Goldman, 2011. "Patient Cost-Sharing and Healthcare Spending Growth," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 25(2), pages 47-68, Spring.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:17232. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: the person in charge (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/nberrus.html .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.