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The Redistributive Effects of Political Reservation for Minorities: Evidence from India

  • Aimee Chin
  • Nishith Prakash

We examine the impact of political reservation for disadvantaged minority groups on poverty. To address the concern that political reservation is endogenous, we take advantage of the state-time variation in reservation in state legislative assemblies in India generated by national policies that cause reservations to be revised and the time lags with which revised reservations are implemented. Using data on sixteen major Indian states for the period 1960-2000, we find that increasing the share of seats reserved for Scheduled Tribes significantly reduces poverty while increasing the share of seats reserved for Scheduled Castes has no impact on poverty. Political reservation for Scheduled Tribes has a greater effect on rural poverty than urban poverty, and appears to benefit people near the poverty line as well as those far below it.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 16509.

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Date of creation: Oct 2010
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Publication status: published as Chin, Aimee & Prakash, Nishith, 2011. "The redistributive effects of political reservation for minorities: Evidence from India," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(2), pages 265-277, November.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:16509
Note: PE POL
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