Clinical Pathways to Disability
This paper examines the pathways by which individuals transition from healthy to disabled. Because of the high prevalence and costs associated with disability, understanding these pathways is critical to developing interventions to prevent or minimize disability. We compare two estimates of disabling conditions: those observed in medical claims and conditions indicated by the disabled individual. A small number of conditions explain about half of incident disability: arthritis, infectious disease, dementia, heart failure, diabetes, and stroke. These conditions show up in medical claims and self reports. A large number of elderly also attribute disability to old age and various symptoms. Because so many of the most disabling conditions do not have clear medical treatments, the outlook for major reductions in disability might be limited.
|Date of creation:||Aug 2007|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||published as Clinical Pathways to Disability , Mary Beth Landrum, Kate A. Stewart, David M. Cutler. in Health at Older Ages: The Causes and Consequences of Declining Disability among the Elderly , Cutler and Wise. 2008|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.|
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- David M. Cutler, 2005. "Intensive Medical Technology and the Reduction in Disability," NBER Chapters, in: Analyses in the Economics of Aging, pages 161-184 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Robert F. Schoeni & Vicki A. Freedman & Robert B. Wallace, 2001. "Persistent, Consistent, Widespread, and Robust? Another Look at Recent Trends in Old-Age Disability," Journals of Gerontology: Series B, Gerontological Society of America, vol. 56(4), pages S206-S218.
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