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Central American Economic Integration - The Impact of a Customs Union with Guatemala on El Salvador’s Economy

Author

Listed:
  • Roberto Miranda

Abstract

This study analyzes the expected impact of the implementation of a Customs Union between Guatemala and El Salvador on the latter’s economy. In order to do so, the main implications of moving from a Free Trade Area to a Customs Union are examined: CET establishment (with special attention paid to those sectors that would be negatively affected by a tariff reduction), RoO elimination and the abolition of customs controls. The analysis anticipates that efficiency gains from a number of factors (including reduction of goods’ prices, RoO administrative and compliance expenses and custom-related transaction costs) surpass the negative impact on domestic producers that are affected by a tariff cutback.

Suggested Citation

  • Roberto Miranda, 2012. "Central American Economic Integration - The Impact of a Customs Union with Guatemala on El Salvador’s Economy," Competence Centre on Money, Trade, Finance and Development 1208, Hochschule fuer Technik und Wirtschaft, Berlin.
  • Handle: RePEc:mtf:wpaper:1208
    as

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    File URL: http://finance-and-trade.htw-berlin.de/fileadmin/HTW/Forschung/Money_Finance_Trade_Development/working_paper_series/wp_08_Miranda_Central_American_Economic_Integration.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2012
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Moran, Cristian & Serra, Pablo, 1993. "Trade reform under regional integration : Policy simulations using a CGE model for Guatemala," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 103-132, February.
    2. Verwaal, Ernst & Donkers, Bas, 2003. "Customs-Related Transaction Costs, Firm Size and International Trade Intensity," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 21(3), pages 257-271, November.
    3. Innwon Park & Soonchan Park, 2009. "Free Trade Agreements versus Customs Unions: An Examination of East Asia," Asian Economic Papers, MIT Press, vol. 8(2), pages 119-139, Spring.
    4. Kala Krishna, 2005. "Understanding Rules of Origin," NBER Working Papers 11150, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Hiau Looi Kee & Alessandro Nicita & Marcelo Olarreaga, 2008. "Import Demand Elasticities and Trade Distortions," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 90(4), pages 666-682, November.
    6. Kala Krishna & Anne Krueger, 1995. "Implementing Free Trade Areas: Rules of Origin and Hidden Protection," NBER Working Papers 4983, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Krueger, Anne O., 1997. "Free trade agreements versus customs unions," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 169-187, October.
    8. Olivier Cadot & Jaime de Melo & Antoni Estevadeordal & Akiko Suwa-Eisenmann & Bolormaa Tumurchudur, 2002. "Assessing the effect of NAFTA's rules of origin," Research Unit Working Papers 0306, Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquee, INRA.
    9. Peter Walkenhorst & Tadashi Yasui, 2004. "Quantitative Assessment of the Benefits of Trade Facilitation," International Trade 0401008, EconWPA.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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