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Emploi et politique familiale : doit-on s'inspirer du «modèle suédois» ?



This paper deals with the impact of family policies on the mothers’ employment in France and Sweden. In order to compare family policies' effects on the mothers’ labour market, we first examine the institutional structures of the two countries, concerning parental leaves programs and public childcare systems. We intend to show how the institutional and societal regimes may affect the extent of labour market integration of mothers. Then we propose a statistical analysis of the situations of mothers in the labour market based on French and Swedish data. We analyse the determinants of part time work and the gender occupational segregation in both countries. Part time work of women is in Sweden the consequence of maternity. In France, it seems is directly linked to the high level of unemployment. The occupational segregation is higher in Sweden : the mothers' employment is much more concentrated in female dominated occupations, often in the public sector than the French one. This could be the consequence of the parental leave.

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  • Céline Marc & Hélène Zajdela, 2004. "Emploi et politique familiale : doit-on s'inspirer du «modèle suédois» ?," Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques r04105, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
  • Handle: RePEc:mse:wpsorb:r04105

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Dominique Anxo & Lennart Flood & Yusuf Kocoglu, 2002. "Offre de travail et répartition des activités domestiques et parentales au sein du couple : une comparaison entre la France et la Suède," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 352(1), pages 127-150.
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    More about this item


    Parental leave; child care; mothers' employment; occupational segregation.;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J44 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Professional Labor Markets and Occupations


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