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La garde des jeunes enfants : affaire de femmes ou affaire d'état ?

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  • Hélène Périvier-Timbeau

    () (OFCE - OFCE - Sciences Po)

Abstract

En France, plus de 750 000 enfants naissent chaque année. Si l'école maternelle les accueille à partir de 3 ans, le problème de la garde des enfants plus jeunes reste entier1. Après la guerre, la prédominance du modèle " familialiste ", symbolisé par l'homme au travail et la femme au foyer, évinçait de facto tout dilemme sur ce point. L'aide publique consistait à favoriser les familles mono-actives (allocation salaire unique...). À partir des années 1960, l'irrésistible progression de l'activité féminine à plein temps (qui est une spécificité française) a mis à mal ce modèle traditionnel, soulevant ainsi la question : qui doit garder le jeune enfant ? (...).

Suggested Citation

  • Hélène Périvier-Timbeau, 2003. "La garde des jeunes enfants : affaire de femmes ou affaire d'état ?," Post-Print hal-01018165, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01018165
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01018165
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