Pro-competitive policies and the convergence of markups
This paper gives estimates of sectoral markup trends over the last three decades. It concludes with a slight increase of price-cost margins overall, contrary to the generally expected effect of increased competition. More strikingly, it establishes a clear pattern of markup convergence across countries and sectors. These movements explain a notable part of the decline in the labour share. Taking into account labour market imperfections, they suggest that the workers' bargaining power has deteriorated and stress that endogenous market structure, rent sharing and interactions between product and labour markets are key ingredients for assessing the impacts of increased competition.
|Date of creation:||Jan 2005|
|Date of revision:|
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- Blanchard, Olivier J & Giavazzi, Francesco, 2001.
"Macroeconomic Effects of Regulation and Deregulation in Goods and Labour Markets,"
CEPR Discussion Papers
2713, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Olivier Blanchard & Francesco Giavazzi, 2003. "Macroeconomic Effects of Regulation and Deregulation in Goods and Labor Markets," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 118(3), pages 879-907.
- Olivier Blanchard & Francesco Giavazzi, 2001. "Macroeconomic Effects of Regulation and Deregulation in Goods and Labor Markets," NBER Working Papers 8120, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Olivier Blanchard & Francesco Giavazzi, . "Macroeconomic effects of regulation and deregulation in goods and labor markets," Working Papers 187, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
- George J. Borjas & Valerie A. Ramey, 1995. "Foreign Competition, Market Power, and Wage Inequality," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(4), pages 1075-1110.
- Bils, Mark, 1987. "The Cyclical Behavior of Marginal Cost and Price," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(5), pages 838-55, December.
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