IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Why Is The Support For The Extreme Right Higher In More Open Socities?

Listed author(s):
  • Nejat Anbarci

    (School of Accounting Economics and Finance, Deakin University)

  • Hasan Kirmanoglu

    (Murat Sertel Center for Advanced Economic Studies, Istanbul Bilgi University)

  • Mehmet A. Ulubasoglu

    (School of Accounting Economics and Finance, Deakin University)

We investigate the support for extreme right across societies of different levels of openness in Europe. Societal openness is defined as a greater tendency to accept universal vis-àvis traditional values, and is expected to catalyze and filter the socioeconomic factors that affect the vote shares of extreme right (i.e., neofascist and populist parties). We establish that, in more open societies the direct effect of openness on neofascist votes is, as expected, negative. Paradoxically, however, openness increases the neofascist support indirectly through immigration and unemployment. We explain this with socioeconomic dynamics whereby vulnerable native segments of a more open society, i.e., a society manifesting higher welcoming sentiments towards immigrants, turn to neofascists as immigration and unemployment start threatening their material welfare. Moreover, we find that openness has no direct effect on the support for populist parties, but has indirect positive effects through unemployment. Our results establish strong links among openness, immigration and unemployment in determining the sources of neofascist and populist support in Europe

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
File Function: First version, 2007
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by Murat Sertel Center for Advanced Economic Studies, Istanbul Bilgi University in its series Working Papers with number 201003.

in new window

Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: May 2007
Handle: RePEc:msc:wpaper:201003
Contact details of provider: Web page:

More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

in new window

  1. Margaret Canovan, 1999. "Trust the People! Populism and the Two Faces of Democracy," Political Studies, Political Studies Association, vol. 47(1), pages 2-16, 03.
  2. Hausman, Jerry, 2015. "Specification tests in econometrics," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 38(2), pages 112-134.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:msc:wpaper:201003. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Fatma Aslan)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.