Dynamique de pauvreté et inégalité de la mortalité des enfants au Burkina Faso
Based on the demographic and health surveys of Burkina Faso of 1992-93 and 1998-99, present study proposes to analyse the importance and evolution of the inequality of child mortality, and the relations which prevail between the latter and poverty. Firstly, there is an opposite relation between the standard of living of the households, apprehended in terms of assets, and the child mortality, a result specified using the concentration curves and indices, indicating that an inequality of the infant and under-five mortality «pro-rich» prevails in Burkina Faso. In addition, the inequalities in terms of infant and under-five mortality are relatively similar. Secondly, between 1992-93 and 1998-99,the evolution of the values of the concentration indices – statistically significant –, suggests that the inequality of the infant and under-five mortality slightly declined. This result is, a priori, coherent with the fact that poverty has, on the whole, slightly decreased between 1992-93 and 1998-99. Thirdly, the child mortality rates vary considerably according to the areas – in 1998-99, the infant and under-five mortality rates are approximately twice higher in the majority of the rural areas,except North, compared to the capital, just like the disparities of evolution during years1990: (i) reduction in the capital and the rural area of North; (ii) quasi-stagnation in the rural areas of the East and the West; (iii) small increase in the area of the Center-South. Nevertheless, the evolution of the inequality of child mortality is not necessarily related to the dynamics of the level of the child mortality. For example, in the capital, the reduction of the level of the child mortality was associated with an increase in the inequality of mortality.Fourthly, in fact, the inequality of the infant and under-five mortality increased in areas where poverty increased, in fact in the capital. However, in all the other zones where the ratioand/or the intensity of the poverty of the households dropped, the inequality of child mortalitytended to stagnate or decline. This result is confirmed by the apprehension of the dynamics of the monetary deprivation, based on the surveys of 1994-95 and 1998. In addition, the inequality of mortality tended to increase in the zones where precisely the inequality was already relatively high, in particular the capital. (Full text in French)
|Date of creation:||Oct 2001|
|Contact details of provider:|| |
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Jean-Pierre Lachaud, 2001. "Bien-être des ménages et pauvreté au Burkina Faso. Dépenses versus actifs : choix pragmatique ou conceptuel ?," Documents de travail 56, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
- Sahn, David E. & Stifel, David C., 2000. "Poverty Comparisons Over Time and Across Countries in Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(12), pages 2123-2155, December.
- Sen, Amartya, 1998.
"Mortality as an Indicator of Economic Success and Failure,"
Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(446), pages 1-25, January.
- Amartya Sen, 1995. "Mortality as an Indicator of Economic Success and Failure," Papers innlec95/2, Innocenti Lectures.
- Cowell, Frank A., 1989. "Sampling variance and decomposable inequality measures," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 27-41, September.
- Kakwani, Nanak & Wagstaff, Adam & van Doorslaer, Eddy, 1997. "Socioeconomic inequalities in health: Measurement, computation, and statistical inference," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 87-103, March.
- Filmer, Deon & Pritchett, Lant, 1998. "The effect of household wealth on educational attainment : demographic and health survey evidence," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1980, The World Bank. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:66. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.