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The Determinants of Return Intentions of Turkish Students and Professionals Residing Abroad: An Empirical Investigation

Author

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  • Nil Demet Güngör
  • Aysit Tansel

    (Department of Economics, METU)

Abstract

The study estimates an empirical model of return intentions using a dataset compiled from an internet survey of Turkish professionals and Turkish students residing abroad. In the migration literature, wage differentials are often cited as an important factor explaining skilled migration. The findings of the study suggest, however, that other factors are also important in explaining the non-return of Turkish professionals. Economic instability in Turkey is found to be an important push factor, while work experience in Turkey also increases non-return. In the student sample, higher salaries offered in the host country and lifestyle preferences, including a more organized environment in the host country, increase the probability of not-returning. For both groups, the analysis also points to the importance of prior intentions and the role of the family in the decision to return to Turkey or stay overseas.

Suggested Citation

  • Nil Demet Güngör & Aysit Tansel, 2005. "The Determinants of Return Intentions of Turkish Students and Professionals Residing Abroad: An Empirical Investigation," ERC Working Papers 0501, ERC - Economic Research Center, Middle East Technical University, revised May 2005.
  • Handle: RePEc:met:wpaper:0501
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    File URL: http://erc.metu.edu.tr/en/system/files/menu/series05/0501.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2005
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ernst P. Goss & Chris Paul, 1986. "Age and Work Experience in the Decision to Migrate," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 21(3), pages 397-405.
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    Cited by:

    1. Heshmati, Almas, 2007. "Labor Market Policy Options of the Kurdistan Regional Government," IZA Discussion Papers 3247, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    2. Peter Huber & Martin Spielauer, 2020. "Return and Onward Migration and Labour Market Entry. Empirical Analysis and Microsimulation Projection for Austria," WIFO Working Papers 616, WIFO.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Skilled migration; brain drain; return intentions; higher education; Turkey;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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