Market Work, Home Production, Consumer Demand and Unemployment among the Unskilled
We propose and test a general equilibrium model in which longer working time and higher labor force participation lead to a fall in unemployment. Longer working hours and higher labor force participation have two direct effects: People have higher incomes and less (leisure) time. This has implications for the composition of consumer demand, since people spend less time on home production. Instead, they outsource more domestic tasks to the market. Consumer demand shifts toward unskill-intensive goods. The relative demand for unskilled labor rises and unemployment falls. We test our model in two ways: First, we study the link between labor market partici- pation, home production and the demand for household and similar services using the German time use survey conducted in 1991/92. Second, we use cross-country time- series data on OECD countries between 1980 and 2003 to directly examine the link between labor force participation and the unemployment rate. The empirical results corroborate the predictions from the theoretical model.
|Date of creation:||12 Jan 2006|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Web page: http://www.mea.mpisoc.mpg.de/
|Order Information:|| Email: |
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Tilman Bruck & John P. Haisken-De New & Klaus Zimmermann, 2006.
"Creating low skilled jobs by subsidizing market-contracted household work,"
Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(8), pages 899-911.
- Brück, Tilman & Haisken-DeNew, John P. & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2003. "Creating Low Skilled Jobs by Subsidizing Market-Contracted Household Work," IZA Discussion Papers 958, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Tilman Brück & John P. Haisken-DeNew & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2003. "Creating Low Skilled Jobs by Subsidising Market-Contracted Household Work," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 387, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
- Brück, Tilman & Haisken-DeNew, John P & Zimmermann, Klaus F, 2004. "Creating Low-Skilled Jobs by Subsidising Market-Contracted Household Work," CEPR Discussion Papers 4225, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Jennifer Hunt, 1999.
"Has Work-Sharing Worked In Germany?,"
The Quarterly Journal of Economics,
MIT Press, vol. 114(1), pages 117-148, February.
- Matthias Weiss & Alfred Garloff, 2005.
"Skill-Biased Technological Change and Endogenous Benefits : the Dynamics of Unemployment and Wage Inequality,"
Working Papers of the Research Group Heterogenous Labor
05-08, Research Group Heterogeneous Labor, University of Konstanz/ZEW Mannheim.
- Matthias Weiss & Alfred Garloff, 2009. "Skill-biased technological change and endogenous benefits: the dynamics of unemployment and wage inequality," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(7), pages 811-821.
- Weiss, Matthias & Garloff, Alfred, 2005. "Skill Biased Technological Change and Endogenous Benefits: The Dynamics of Unemployment and Wage Inequality," ZEW Discussion Papers 05-79, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
- Matthias Weiss & Alfred Garloff, 2005. "Skill Biased Technological Change and Endogenous Benefits: The Dynamics of Unemployment and Wage Inequality," MEA discussion paper series 05100, Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA) at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy.
- Michael Hurd & Susann Rohwedder, 2003.
"The Retirement-Consumption Puzzle: Anticipated and Actual Declines in Spending at Retirement,"
NBER Working Papers
9586, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Michael Hurd & Susann Rohwedder, 2004. "The Retirement-Consumption Puzzle: Anticipated and Actual Declines in Spending at Retirement," Working Papers wp069, University of Michigan, Michigan Retirement Research Center.
- Michael Hurd & Susann Rohwedder, 2005. "The Retirement-Consumption Puzzle: Anticipated and Actual Declines in Spending at Retirement," Working Papers 242, RAND Corporation Publications Department.
- Michael Hurd & Susann Rohwedder, 2003. "The Retirement-Consumption Puzzle: Anticipated and Actual Declines in Spending at Retirement," Working Papers 03-12, RAND Corporation Publications Department.
- Pierre Cahuc & AndrÃ© Zylberberg, 2004. "Labor Economics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026203316x, June.
- Weiss, Matthias, 2008.
"Skill-biased technological change: Is there hope for the unskilled?,"
Elsevier, vol. 100(3), pages 439-441, September.
- Matthias Weiss, 2004. "Skill-Biased Technological Change: Is there Hope for the Unskilled?," MEA discussion paper series 04045, Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA) at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy.
- F. Thomas Juster & James P. Smith, 2004. "Improving the Quality of Economic Data: Lessons from the HRS and AHEAD," Labor and Demography 0402010, EconWPA.
- Mark Aguiar & Erik Hurst, 2004. "Consumption vs. Expenditure," NBER Working Papers 10307, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Ronald Schettkat & Wiemer Salverda, 2004. "Demand Patterns and Employment Growth, Consumption and Services in France, Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States," DEMPATEM Working Papers wp13, AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies.
- Winter, Joachim, 0000. "Bracketing effects in categorized survey questions and the measurement of economic quantities," Sonderforschungsbereich 504 Publications 02-35, Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Universität Mannheim;Sonderforschungsbereich 504, University of Mannheim.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:mea:meawpa:06101. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Henning Frankenberger)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.