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Impact des échelles d'équivalence sur la répartition spatiale de la pauvreté au Cameroun: une approche dynamique

  • Luc Nembot Ndeffo
  • Ngangue Ngwen
  • Pierre Joubert Nguetse Tegoum
  • Cyrille Bergaly Kamdem
  • Marianne Makoudem
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    Le problème que pose la présente étude est celui de la prise en compte du coût relatif des enfants par rapport à celui des adultes et des économies d’échelles dans l’appréciation du bien-être des ménages. Les résultats issus des échelles empiriques construites à cet effet montrent que les ménages dirigés par les femmes sont plus pauvres que ceux dirigés par les hommes. La pauvreté est plus ambiante dans les zones rurales, dans les ménages dont le chef est analphabète et dans les ménages dont le chef exerce dans le secteur informel. En ce qui concerne la dynamique, les résultats montrent que la pauvreté a augmenté au Cameroun entre 1996 et 2001. Bien que certains résultats confortent ceux issus des échelles « Recommended Dietary Allowances » (RDA) utilisées par l’Institut national de la Statistique, d’autres les remettent en question. Les résultats de l’étude recommandent la mise en œuvre de politiques spécifiques pour la réduction de la pauvreté.

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    File URL: http://portal.pep-net.org/documents/download/id/11179
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    Paper provided by PEP-PMMA in its series Working Papers PMMA with number 2007-04.

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    Date of creation: 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:lvl:pmmacr:2007-04
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    1. Lanjouw, Peter & Ravallion, Martin, 1995. "Poverty and Household Size," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 105(433), pages 1415-34, November.
    2. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-66, May.
    3. Coulter, Fiona A E & Cowell, Frank A & Jenkins, Stephen P, 1992. "Equivalence Scale Relativities and the Extent of Inequality and Poverty," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(414), pages 1067-82, September.
    4. Duclos, Jean-Yves & Mercader-Prats, Magda, 1999. "Household Needs and Poverty: With Application to Spain and the U.K," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 45(1), pages 77-98, March.
    5. Ravallion, Martin, 1994. "Measuring Social Welfare with and without Poverty Lines," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(2), pages 359-64, May.
    6. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-37, October.
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