IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/lie/wpaper/15.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Optimal asymmetric taxation in a two-sector model with population ageing

Author

Listed:
  • Igor Fedotenkov

    () (Bank of Lithuania)

Abstract

This paper presents a simple condition for optimal asymmetric labour (capital) taxation/subsidization in a two-sector model with logarithmic utilities and Cobb-Douglas production functions, linked to demographic factors: fertility rate and longevity. The paper shows that depending on parameter values, it may be optimal to tax or subsidize labour in the sectors. If it is optimal to tax the investment-goods sector, a Pareto-improving tax reform is possible. Larger output elasticities of capital in the sectors reduce the possibilities of a Pareto-improving reform, while population ageing in terms of higher longevity enhances the possibilities of welfare improvement for all generations. Fertility rates do not affect optimal taxation.

Suggested Citation

  • Igor Fedotenkov, 2014. "Optimal asymmetric taxation in a two-sector model with population ageing," Bank of Lithuania Working Paper Series 15, Bank of Lithuania.
  • Handle: RePEc:lie:wpaper:15
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.lb.lt/en/publications/no-15-optimal-asymmetric-taxation-in-a-two-sector-model-with-population-ageing
    File Function: Full text
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Axel Börsch-Supan & Alexander Ludwig & Joachim Winter, 2006. "Ageing, Pension Reform and Capital Flows: A Multi-Country Simulation Model," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 73(292), pages 625-658, November.
    2. Brent Neiman, 2014. "The Global Decline of the Labor Share," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 129(1), pages 61-103.
    3. Galor, Oded, 1992. "A Two-Sector Overlapping-Generations Model: A Global Characterization of the Dynamical System," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(6), pages 1351-1386, November.
    4. Cremers, Emily T., 2006. "Dynamic efficiency in the two-sector overlapping generations model," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 30(11), pages 1915-1936, November.
    5. Paul A. Samuelson, 1958. "An Exact Consumption-Loan Model of Interest with or without the Social Contrivance of Money," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 66, pages 467-467.
    6. Adema, Y. & Meijdam, A.C. & Verbon, H.A.A., 2006. "Beggar Thy Thrifty Neighbour : The International Spillover Effects of Pensions Under Population Ageing," Discussion Paper 2006-47, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    7. Yvonne Adema & Lex Meijdam & Harrie Verbon, 2008. "Beggar thy thrifty neighbour," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 21(4), pages 933-959, October.
    8. Bjarne S. Jensen, 2003. "Walrasian General Equilibrium Allocations and Dynamics in Two--Sector Growth Models," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 4(1), pages 53-87, February.
    9. Selim, Sheikh, 2011. "Optimal Taxation and Redistribution in a Two Sector Two Class Agents' Economy," Cardiff Economics Working Papers E2011/6, Cardiff University, Cardiff Business School, Economics Section.
    10. Akira Yakita, 2012. "Different demographic changes and patterns of trade in a Heckscher–Ohlin setting," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 25(3), pages 853-870, July.
    11. Epstein, Larry G & Zin, Stanley E, 1989. "Substitution, Risk Aversion, and the Temporal Behavior of Consumption and Asset Returns: A Theoretical Framework," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(4), pages 937-969, July.
    12. Sayan, Serdar, 2005. "Heckscher-Ohlin revisited: implications of differential population dynamics for trade within an overlapping generations framework," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 29(9), pages 1471-1493, September.
    13. Naito, Takumi & Zhao, Laixun, 2009. "Aging, transitional dynamics, and gains from trade," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 33(8), pages 1531-1542, August.
    14. Kazunobu Muro, 2013. "Optimal labor income taxation in a two-sector dynamic general equilibrium model," International Review of Economics, Springer;Happiness Economics and Interpersonal Relations (HEIRS), vol. 60(1), pages 21-48, March.
    15. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:30:y:2010:i:1:p:534-542 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Geide-Stevenson, Doris, 1998. "Social Security Policy and International Labor and Capital Mobility," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(3), pages 407-416, August.
    17. Sheikh Selim, 2010. "Optimal Taxation in a Two Sector Economy with Heterogeneous Agents," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 30(1), pages 534-542.
    18. Selim, Sheikh, 2007. "Optimal Taxation in a Two Sector Economy with Heterogeneous Agents," Cardiff Economics Working Papers E2007/18, Cardiff University, Cardiff Business School, Economics Section.
    19. Casey Rothschild & Florian Scheuer, 2013. "Redistributive Taxation in the Roy Model," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 128(2), pages 623-668.
    20. Maddison, Angus, 1987. "Growth and Slowdown in Advanced Capitalist Economies: Techniques of Quantitative Assessment," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 25(2), pages 649-698, June.
    21. Cremers, Emily, 2006. "Dynamic Efficiency in the Two-Sector Overlapping Generations Model," Staff General Research Papers Archive 34856, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    22. Venditti, Alain, 2005. "The two sector overlapping generations model: A simple formulation," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(2), pages 164-188, June.
    23. Selim, Sheikh, 2007. "Optimal Capital Income Taxation in a Two Sector Economy," Cardiff Economics Working Papers E2007/9, Cardiff University, Cardiff Business School, Economics Section.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Two sectors; factor mobility; asymmetric taxation; optimality;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • J10 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - General

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:lie:wpaper:15. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Mihnea Constantinescu). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/lbanklt.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.