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Export vs. FDI Behavior of Heterogenous Firms in Heterogenous Markets: Evidence from Sovenia

Author

Listed:
  • Joze P. Damijan
  • Marko Glaznar
  • Janez Prasnikar
  • Saso Polanec

Abstract

This paper adds a new dimension to the recent literature on relationship beween firm's heterogeneity in terms of total factor productivity and its dynamic exports vs. FDI decision, namely the heterogeneity of export markets. We show that higher productivity of investing firms relative to just exporters is not inevitably uniform. Exploiting a complete set of Slovenian exporting firms in the period 1994 - 2002, we confirm the tendency of higher productivity firms to engage in FDI only for FDI conducted in high wage countries. In addition, we find no evidence in favor of either market-seeking (horizontal) or factor-seeking (vertical) motive for FDI. While survey results suggest trade-promotion motive to be just as important, we find little evidence in favor of efficiency of this strategy.

Suggested Citation

  • Joze P. Damijan & Marko Glaznar & Janez Prasnikar & Saso Polanec, 2004. "Export vs. FDI Behavior of Heterogenous Firms in Heterogenous Markets: Evidence from Sovenia," LICOS Discussion Papers 14704, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
  • Handle: RePEc:lic:licosd:14704
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    File URL: http://www.econ.kuleuven.be/licos/publications/dp/dp147.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gabor Hunya, 2002. "Recent Impacts of Foreign Direct Investment on Growth and Restructuring in Central European Transition Countries," wiiw Research Reports 284, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    2. Nina Pavcnik, 2002. "Trade Liberalization, Exit, and Productivity Improvements: Evidence from Chilean Plants," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 69(1), pages 245-276.
    3. Karolina Ekholm & Rikard Forslid & James R. Markusen, 2007. "Export-Platform Foreign Direct Investment," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 5(4), pages 776-795, June.
    4. Sofronis K. Clerides & Saul Lach & James R. Tybout, 1998. "Is Learning by Exporting Important? Micro-Dynamic Evidence from Colombia, Mexico, and Morocco," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 113(3), pages 903-947.
    5. Zvi Griliches, 1998. "R&D and Productivity Growth: Comparing Japanese and U.S. Manufacturing Firms," NBER Chapters,in: R&D and Productivity: The Econometric Evidence, pages 187-210 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Markusen, James R., 1983. "Factor movements and commodity trade as complements," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(3-4), pages 341-356, May.
    7. Jose P. Damijan & Boris Majcen, 2003. "Trade Policy in a Small Advanced Transition Economy: Trade Policy Review of Slovenia, 2002," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(9), pages 1369-1394, September.
    8. Head, Keith & Ries, John, 2003. "Heterogeneity and the FDI versus export decision of Japanese manufacturers," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 448-467, December.
    9. Brainard, S Lael, 1997. "An Empirical Assessment of the Proximity-Concentration Trade-off between Multinational Sales and Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(4), pages 520-544, September.
    10. James R. Markusen, 1998. "Multinational Firms, Location and Trade," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(6), pages 733-756, August.
    11. S. Lael Brainard, 1993. "An Empirical Assessment of the Factor Proportions Explanation of Multi-National Sales," NBER Working Papers 4583, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jože P. Damijan & Sašo Polanec & Janez Prašnikar, 2007. "Outward FDI and Productivity: Micro-evidence from Slovenia," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(1), pages 135-155, January.
    2. Cebeci, Tolga, 2014. "Impact of export destinations on firm performance," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6743, The World Bank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Foreign Direct Investment; Exports; FirmHeterogeneity; Multinational Firm;

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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