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Theories of Value and the Monetary Theory of Production

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  • L. Randall Wray

Abstract

This paper extends earlier work that argued that liquidity preference theory should be interpreted as a theory of value. Here I will argue that two theories of value are needed for analysis of a monetary production economy: the labor theory of value and the liquidity preference theory of value. Both Keynes and Marx were trying to develop a monetary theory of production; Marx, of course, adopted a labor theory of value in his analysis, and it was previously argued that Keynes adopted a liquidity preference theory in his. A monetary theory of production should adopt both, however, and I will argue that Keynes seems to have recognized this. Further, Keynes did adopt labor hours as the measure of value and said he agreed that labor produces all value. I admit it is still a leap to claim that Keynes accepted both theories of value. Instead, I argue he should have adopted both and will show that this is consistent with the purposes of the General Theory.

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  • L. Randall Wray, 1999. "Theories of Value and the Monetary Theory of Production," Economics Working Paper Archive wp_261, Levy Economics Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:lev:wrkpap:wp_261
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    1. Avi J. Cohen, 1989. "Prices, Capital, and the One-Commodity Model in Neoclassical and Classical Theories," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 21(2), pages 231-251, Summer.
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    Cited by:

    1. Desai, Milinf, 2010. "An exploration of money & interest in the theory of value," MPRA Paper 37315, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Jochen Hartwig, 2004. "Keynes's multiplier in a two-sectoral framework," Review of Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(3), pages 309-334.

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