Who is left-wing, and who just thinks they are?
A common assumption in political economy is that there exists a consistent and well defined policy space. Often, this space is assumed to be adequately represented by a single `left' - `right' dimension. This paper makes the case that it is not only convenient but also meaningful to talk of the left and the right. Motivated, in part, by recent work in political psychology, this paper compares how individuals place themselves on a left-right scale with their answers to substantive policy questions, to provide evidence that the left-right scale has a consistent meaning across time and place. It is also finds consistent differences in how different demographic groups perceive the `left'-`right' continuum. In particular, it finds important differences associated with ageing, gender, income and education. It provides evidence that this is true for both abstract alternatives and concrete choices, questions of redistribution and broader conceptions of social justice. Heterogeneity is taken seriously, analysing variation within cohorts defined by country, date of birth, and gender - a variety of different forms are hypothesised, tested for, and rejected. Finally, it provides evidence that increases in income may lead to increased levels of political polarisation.
|Date of creation:||Sep 2009|
|Date of revision:|
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"Welfare Reform in European Countries: A Microsimulation Analysis,"
IZA Discussion Papers
1810, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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- Patricia Funk & Christina Gathmann, 2008.
"Gender gaps in policy making: Evidence from direct democracy in Switzerland,"
Economics Working Papers
1126, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
- Patricia Funk & Christina Gathmann, 2015. "Gender gaps in policy making: evidence from direct democracy in Switzerland," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 30(81), pages 141-181.
- Toke Aidt & Bianca Dallal, 2008. "Female voting power: the contribution of women’s suffrage to the growth of social spending in Western Europe (1869–1960)," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 134(3), pages 391-417, March.
- Cavalcanti, Tiago & Tavares, José, 2006.
"Women Prefer Larger Governments: Growth, Structural Transformation and Government Size,"
CEPR Discussion Papers
5667, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Tiago V. De V. Cavalcanti & José Tavares, 2011. "Women Prefer Larger Governments: Growth, Structural Transformation, And Government Size," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 49(1), pages 155-171, 01.
- Alberto F. Alesina & Paola Giuliano, 2009.
"Preferences for Redistribution,"
NBER Working Papers
14825, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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