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Residual Wage Disparity and Coordination Unemployment

Author

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  • Benoit Julien

    (Australian Graduate School of Managment)

  • John Kennes

    (Institute of Economics, University of Copenhagen)

  • Ian King

    (University of Auckland)

Abstract

We ask: how much of the observed wage dispersion, among similar workers, can be explained by a lack of coordination among employers in their hiring practices?To answer this, we construct a directed search model with homogenous workers where firms can create either good or bad jobs, are uncoordinated with their job offers, and where on-the-job search is possible. Workers can exploit ex post opportunities when determining wages. The stationary equilibrium has both productivity dispersion - different wages due to different job qualities, and contract dispersion - different wages due to different market experiences for workers, and is constrained-efficient. Job arrival rates are endogenous and, as found in empirical studies, smaller for on-the-job searchers than for unemployed workers. We calibrate the model to the US economy and compare the implied statistics with those for empirical data. The equilibrium wage distribution is hump shaped, skewed significantly to the right, and, with baseline parameters, generates residual dispersion statistics 75-90% the size of those found empirically. However, the model overestimates the values of job finding rates and underestimates the average duration of unemployment.

Suggested Citation

  • Benoit Julien & John Kennes & Ian King, 2001. "Residual Wage Disparity and Coordination Unemployment," CAM Working Papers 2004-20, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics. Centre for Applied Microeconometrics, revised Nov 2004.
  • Handle: RePEc:kud:kuieca:2004_20
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    File URL: http://www.econ.ku.dk/cam/wp0910/wp0203/2004-20.pdf/
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Dwyer, Debra Sabatini & Mitchell, Olivia S., 1999. "Health problems as determinants of retirement: Are self-rated measures endogenous?," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 173-193, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Aaron Schiff & Martin Browning & John Kennes, 2005. "Lots of Heterogeneity in a Matching Model," 2005 Meeting Papers 799, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    2. Basov, Suren & King, Ian & Uren, Lawrence, 2014. "Worker heterogeneity, the job-finding rate, and technical change," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 159-177.
    3. John Kennes & Daniel le Maire, 2013. "Job Heterogeneity and Coordination Frictions," Economics Working Papers 2013-09, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    4. John Kennes & Daniel le Maire, 2013. "Competing Auctions of Skills," CAM Working Papers 2014_01, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics. Centre for Applied Microeconometrics.
    5. Derek Stacey, 2012. "Information, Commitment, and Separation in Illiquid Housing Markets," 2012 Meeting Papers 401, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    6. Wolthoff, Ronald P., 2011. "It's About Time: Implications of the Period Length in an Equilibrium Job Search Model," IZA Discussion Papers 6002, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    7. Benoît Julien & John Kennes & Ian King & Sephorah Mangin, 2009. "Directed search, unemployment and public policy," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, pages 956-983.
    8. Kaas Leo, 2010. "Variable Search Intensity with Coordination Unemployment," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, pages 1-33.
    9. Ronald Wolthoff, 2009. "Ex Ante and Ex Post Inefficiency in Search and Matching Models," 2009 Meeting Papers 774, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    10. John Kennes & Daniel le Maire, 2010. "Coordination Frictions and Job Heterogeneity: A Discrete Time Analysis," Economics Working Papers 2010-05, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E25 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Aggregate Factor Income Distribution
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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