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Schattenwirtschaft - Tatbestand, Ursachen, Auswirkungen

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Auch im Jahr 2000 wird die Schwarzarbeit in Deutschland weiter zunehmen; während man für das offizielle BIP einen Zuwachs von 2,7% erwartet, wird die informelle Wirtschaft um 6,8% zunehmen und das Volumen der Schwarzarbeit wird im Jahr 2000 auf 640 Mrd. DM geschätzt. Diese Ergebnisse zeigen, dass im langfristigen Trend die Schwarzarbeit sicherlich der am stärksten wachsende Wirtschaftszweig in Deutschland ist. Eine erfolgsversprechende Wirtschaftspolitik zur Bekämpfung der Schwarzarbeit wird an den Ursachen ansetzen müssen. Diese sind der zunehmende Druck von Steuern und Abgaben und die zunehmende Regulierung in der offiziellen Arbeitswelt. Vorschläge hierzu wären die konsequente Anwendung des Luxemburger Modells und eine Umstellung der Wohnbauförderung auf den Faktor Arbeit.

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  • Friedrich Schneider, 2000. "Schattenwirtschaft - Tatbestand, Ursachen, Auswirkungen," Economics working papers 2000-07, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
  • Handle: RePEc:jku:econwp:2000_07
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    1. Giles, David E A, 1999. "Measuring the Hidden Economy: Implications for Econometric Modelling," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(456), pages 370-380, June.
    2. Schneider, Friedrich, 1986. " Estimating the Size of the Danish Shadow Economy Using the Currency Demand Approach: An Attempt," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 88(4), pages 643-668.
    3. Bhattacharyya, Dilip K, 1999. "On the Economic Rationale of Estimating the Hidden Economy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(456), pages 348-359, June.
    4. Tanzi, Vito, 1999. "Uses and Abuses of Estimates of the Underground Economy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(456), pages 338-347, June.
    5. Dominik H. Enste & Friedrich Schneider, 2000. "Shadow Economies: Size, Causes, and Consequences," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 38(1), pages 77-114, March.
    6. Thomas, Jim, 1999. "Quantifying the Black Economy: 'Measurement without Theory' Yet Again?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(456), pages 381-389, June.
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