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Retailers have been criticized for heavily relying on odd prices although their advantage over even prices has not been convincingly proven. In this paper we argue that such behavior does not have to stem solely from tradition, but may be seen as a rational way of dealing with uncertainty. We review 21 empirical studies on the effects of odd versus even prices and find that the results are inconclusive as to whether threshold effects exist. In an analysis of profit contributions we then show that in the light of such uncertainty it is rational to set odd prices. The reason is that only small losses in profit contribution are incurred when odd prices are set although no thresholds exist. In the opposite case, however, losses can be quite substantial. Results of a simulation show the size of the two errors for a realistic range of response parameters.
|Date of creation:||15 Jul 1997|
|Date of revision:|
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- Schindler, Robert M. & Wiman, Alan R., 1989. "Effects of odd pricing on price recall," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 165-177, November.
- Pradeep K. Chintagunta, 1993. "Investigating the Sensitivity of Equilibrium Profits to Advertising Dynamics and Competitive Effects," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 39(9), pages 1146-1162, September.
- Wesley A. Magat & John M. McCann & Richard C. Morey, 1986. "When Does Lag Structure Really Matter in Optimizing Advertising Expenditures?," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 32(2), pages 182-193, February.
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