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Ist die Antwort wirklich 42? Die Frage nach dem optimalen Spitzensteuersatz für Deutschland

Author

Listed:
  • Hermle, Johannes

    () (University of Bonn)

  • Peichl, Andreas

    () (ZEW Mannheim)

Abstract

Die Wahl des Spitzensteuersatzes wird seit jeher strittig diskutiert. Auch in Deutsch-land hat sich im derzeitigen Bundestagswahlkampf die Diskussion um einen höheren Spitzensteuersatz zu einem der zentralen Wahlkampfthemen entwickelt. Unter Verwendung administrativer Einkommenssteuerdaten präsentiert der vorliegende Beitrag empirische Schätzwerte des optimalen Spitzensteuersatzes für Deutschland. Für realistische Parameterwerte liegt dieser unter zusätzlicher Berücksichtigung des Solidaritätszuschlag für den aktuellen Grenzwert von 52.882 € im Intervall zwischen 41-50%.

Suggested Citation

  • Hermle, Johannes & Peichl, Andreas, 2013. "Ist die Antwort wirklich 42? Die Frage nach dem optimalen Spitzensteuersatz für Deutschland," IZA Standpunkte 60, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izasps:sp60
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gruber, Jon & Saez, Emmanuel, 2002. "The elasticity of taxable income: evidence and implications," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(1), pages 1-32, April.
    2. Slemrod, Joel, 1998. "Methodological Issues in Measuring and Interpreting Taxable Income Elasticities," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 51(n. 4), pages 773-88, December.
    3. Thomas Piketty & Emmanuel Saez & Stefanie Stantcheva, 2014. "Optimal Taxation of Top Labor Incomes: A Tale of Three Elasticities," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 6(1), pages 230-271, February.
    4. Layard, R. & Mayraz, G. & Nickell, S., 2008. "The marginal utility of income," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(8-9), pages 1846-1857, August.
    5. Diamond, Peter A, 1998. "Optimal Income Taxation: An Example with a U-Shaped Pattern of Optimal Marginal Tax Rates," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(1), pages 83-95, March.
    6. Emmanuel Saez & Joel Slemrod & Seth H. Giertz, 2012. "The Elasticity of Taxable Income with Respect to Marginal Tax Rates: A Critical Review," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 50(1), pages 3-50, March.
    7. J. A. Mirrlees, 1971. "An Exploration in the Theory of Optimum Income Taxation," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 38(2), pages 175-208.
    8. Emmanuel Saez, 2001. "Using Elasticities to Derive Optimal Income Tax Rates," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 68(1), pages 205-229.
    9. Slemrod, Joel, 1998. "Methodological Issues in Measuring and Interpreting Taxable Income Elasticities," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 51(4), pages 773-788, December.
    10. Stefan Bach, 2013. "Kirchhof oder Hollande: wie hoch soll der Spitzensteuersatz in Deutschland sein?," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 82(1), pages 77-99.
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    Cited by:

    1. Stefan Bach, 2014. ""Reichensteuer"-Diskussion: Hintergrund und Perspektiven," DIW Roundup: Politik im Fokus 16, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Einkommenssteuer; Spitzensteuersatz; Optimalbesteuerung; Einkommensverteilung; Wahlprogramme;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies

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