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Fiscal Effects of Minimum Wages: An Analysis for Germany

  • Bauer, Thomas K.

    ()

    (RWI)

  • Kluve, Jochen

    ()

    (Humboldt University Berlin, RWI)

  • Schaffner, Sandra

    ()

    (RWI)

  • Schmidt, Christoph M.

    ()

    (RWI)

Against the background of the current discussion on the introduction of statutory minimum wages in Germany, this paper analyzes the potential employment and fiscal effects of such a policy. Based on estimated labor demand elasticities obtained from a structural labor demand model, the empirical results imply that the introduction of minimum wages in Germany will be associated with significant employment losses that are concentrated among marginal and low- and semi-skilled full-time workers. Even though minimum wages will lead to increased public revenues from income taxes and social security benefits, they will result in a significant fiscal burden, due to increased expenditures for unemployment benefits and decreased revenues from corporate taxes.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 3875.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2008
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: German Economic Review, 2009, 10(2), 224-242
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3875
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  1. Kirsten Labuske & Jochen Streb, 2008. "Technological Creativity and Cheap Labour? Explaining the Growing International Competitiveness of German Mechanical Engineering before World War I," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 9, pages 65-86, 02.
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  3. Edward P. Lazear & Sherwin Rosen, 1979. "Rank-Order Tournaments as Optimum Labor Contracts," NBER Working Papers 0401, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Pierre Cahuc & Stéphane Carcillo & André Zylberberg, 2014. "Labor Economics," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-01076752, HAL.
  5. Rosen, Sherwin, 1986. "Prizes and Incentives in Elimination Tournaments," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(4), pages 701-15, September.
  6. Justus Haucap & Uwe Pauly & Christian Wey, 2006. "A Cartel Analysis of the German Labor Institutions and Its Implications for Labor Market Reforms," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 651, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  7. Thomas K. Bauer & Jochen Kluve & Sandra Schaffner & Christoph M. Schmidt, 2009. "Fiscal Effects of Minimum Wages: An Analysis for Germany," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 10, pages 224-242, 05.
  8. Card, David & Krueger, Alan B, 1994. "Minimum Wages and Employment: A Case Study of the Fast-Food Industry in New Jersey and Pennsylvania," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(4), pages 772-93, September.
  9. Lietmeyer, Volker & Petzold, Oliver, 2005. "Bedingungen und Ziele für eine Reform der Unternehmensbesteuerung," Wirtschaftsdienst – Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik (1998 - 2007), ZBW – German National Library of Economics / Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 85(9), pages 590-599.
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  11. Holmstrom, Bengt & Milgrom, Paul, 1994. "The Firm as an Incentive System," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(4), pages 972-91, September.
  12. Anderson, G J & Blundell, R W, 1982. "Estimation and Hypothesis Testing in Dynamic Singular Equation Systems," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(6), pages 1559-71, November.
  13. Fitzenberger, Bernd & Franz, Wolfgang, 2000. "Jobs. Jobs? Jobs! Orientierungshilfen für den Weg zu mehr Beschäftigung," ZEW Discussion Papers 00-49, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  14. Marcel Thum & Joachim Ragnitz, 2007. "Zur Einführung von Mindestlöhnen: Empirische Relevanz des Niedriglohnsektors," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 60(10), pages 33-35, 05.
  15. repec:zbw:rwimat:043 is not listed on IDEAS
  16. repec:zbw:rwirep:0009 is not listed on IDEAS
  17. Bachmann, Ronald & Bauer, Thomas K. & Kluve, Jochen & Schaffner, Sandra & Schmidt, Christoph M., 2008. "Mindestlöhne in Deutschland: Beschäftigungswirkungen und fiskalische Effekte," RWI Materialien 43, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (RWI).
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