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Fixed Effects Bias in Panel Data Estimators

Author

Listed:
  • Buddelmeyer, Hielke

    () (Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research)

  • Jensen, Paul H.

    () (University of Melbourne)

  • Oguzoglu, Umut

    () (University of Manitoba)

  • Webster, Elizabeth

    () (University of Melbourne)

Abstract

Since little is known about the degree of bias in estimated fixed effects in panel data models, we run Monte Carlo simulations on a range of different estimators. We find that Anderson-Hsiao IV, Kiviet’s bias-corrected LSDV and GMM estimators all perform well in both short and long panels. However, OLS outperforms the other estimators when the following holds: the cross-section is small (N = 20), the time dimension is short (T = 5) and the coefficient on the lagged dependent variable is large (? = 0.8).

Suggested Citation

  • Buddelmeyer, Hielke & Jensen, Paul H. & Oguzoglu, Umut & Webster, Elizabeth, 2008. "Fixed Effects Bias in Panel Data Estimators," IZA Discussion Papers 3487, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3487
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. William Griffiths & Paul H. Jensen & Elizabeth Webster, 2011. "What Creates Abnormal Profits?," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 58(3), pages 323-346, July.
    2. Bulkley, George & Harris, Richard D. F. & Herrerias, Renata, 2004. "Why does book-to-market value of equity forecast cross-section stock returns?," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 153-160.
    3. Murdock, Jennifer, 2006. "Handling unobserved site characteristics in random utility models of recreation demand," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 51(1), pages 1-25, January.
    4. Manuel Arellano & Stephen Bond, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(2), pages 277-297.
    5. Judson, Ruth A. & Owen, Ann L., 1999. "Estimating dynamic panel data models: a guide for macroeconomists," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 9-15, October.
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    14. Kufenko, Vadmin & Prettner, Klaus, 2017. "You can't always get what you want? A Monte Carlo analysis of the bias and the efficiency of dynamic panel data estimators," ECON WPS - Vienna University of Technology Working Papers in Economic Theory and Policy 07/2017, Vienna University of Technology, Institute for Mathematical Methods in Economics, Research Group Economics (ECON).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    fixed effects; panel data; LSDV; dynamic model;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • E00 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - General

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