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1.5 Generation Internal Migration in the US: Dispersion from States of Immigration?

Author

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  • Ellis, Mark

    () (University of Washington)

  • Goodwin-White, Jamie

    () (University of California, Los Angeles)

Abstract

The issue of immigrant spatial concentration and the possibilities for immigrant dispersion through migration features in at least three interrelated debates about immigration. First, the ethnic enclave literature centers on the question of whether spatial concentration improves or harms the economic well-being of immigrants. Second, spatial assimilation theory links immigrant relocation away from residential enclaves to socioeconomic gains. Although framed at an intra-urban scale, we suggest that similar assimilation logics infuse thinking and expectations about immigrant settlement and spatial mobility at other scales. And third, immigrant clustering links to anxieties about the threats posed by non-European origin newcomers to the traditional cultural fabric of the nation. In the current wave of immigration, research on questions of settlement geography and spatial mobility has so far been restricted to the first generation. But as the current wave of immigration matures there is a growing population of adults who are the children of immigrants. This paper investigates the migration behavior of these adult children, specifically the 1.5 generation, seeking to answer the question of whether they will remain in the states in which their parent’s generation settled or move on. It also assesses whether the out-migration response of the 1.5 generation in states of immigrant concentration is similar to that of their parent’s generation or the US-born population.

Suggested Citation

  • Ellis, Mark & Goodwin-White, Jamie, 2006. "1.5 Generation Internal Migration in the US: Dispersion from States of Immigration?," IZA Discussion Papers 2274, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2274
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bartel, Ann P, 1989. "Where Do the New U.S. Immigrants Live?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 7(4), pages 371-391, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Belit Saka, 2012. "Internal Migration of Ethnic Minorities: Evidence from Western Germany," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 495, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    2. Matthew Hall, 2013. "Residential Integration on the New Frontier: Immigrant Segregation in Established and New Destinations," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 50(5), pages 1873-1896, October.
    3. Mary Kritz & Douglas Gurak & Min-Ah Lee, 2011. "Will They Stay? Foreign-Born Out-Migration from New U.S. Destinations," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer;Southern Demographic Association (SDA), vol. 30(4), pages 537-567, August.
    4. Mary M. Kritz & Douglas T. Gurak & Min-Ah Lee, 2013. "Why Immigrants Leave New Destinations And Where Do They Go?," Working Papers 13-32, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    5. Eric Fong & James Jeong & Alice Hoe & Siyue Tian, 2015. "Earnings of Immigrant Entrepreneurs and Paid Workers in Canadian Gateway and Non-gateway Metropolises," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer;Southern Demographic Association (SDA), vol. 34(2), pages 279-305, April.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    spatial assimilation; immigrant concentrations; internal migration; 1.5 generation;

    JEL classification:

    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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