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Wirksamkeit der Förderung der beruflichen Weiterbildung vor und nach den Hartz-Reformen

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  • Bonin, Holger

    () (IZA)

  • Schneider, Hilmar

    () (IZA)

Abstract

Dieser Beitrag analysiert die Wirksamkeit der Förderung beruflicher Weiterbildung im Rah-men der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik vor und nach den Hartz-Reformen. Ergebnisse der bei flächendeckenden Arbeitsmarktreformen in Deutschland erstmals offiziell durchgeführten Wirkungsanalyse deuten auf sehr unterschiedliche Effizienz verschiedener Maßnahmetypen. Vor Inkrafttreten der Reform waren insbesondere lange Maßnahmen mit anerkanntem Be-rufsabschluss unwirksam. Danach hat sich die Effizienz fast aller Weiterbildungsmaßnahmen spürbar verbessert. Dies beruht auf besserem Qualitätsmanagement, stärkerem Wettbewerb unter den Bildungsträgern und mehr Konsumentensouveränität. This paper analyzes the effectiveness of occupational training programs for the unemployed before and after the substantial amendments in German labor market legislation known as Hartz reforms. Based on the official evaluation of the reforms, we show that program impacts vary much across different types of training. Before the reform, especially long-term training to a new occupation was not effective. It appears that the effectiveness of most training measures has substantially improved after the reform. This is due to the introduction of better quality management, stronger competition among the suppliers of training, and more freedom of choice for the unemployed.

Suggested Citation

  • Bonin, Holger & Schneider, Hilmar, 2006. "Wirksamkeit der Förderung der beruflichen Weiterbildung vor und nach den Hartz-Reformen," IZA Discussion Papers 2069, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2069
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Fitzenberger, Bernd & Speckesser, Stefan, 2000. "Zur wissenschaftlichen Evaluation der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland: Ein Überblick," ZEW Discussion Papers 00-06, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    2. Bernd Fitzenberger & Reinhard Hujer, 2002. "Stand und Perspektiven der Evaluation der Aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 3(2), pages 139-158, May.
    3. Michael Lechner & Ruth Miquel & Conny Wunsch, 2011. "Long‐Run Effects Of Public Sector Sponsored Training In West Germany," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 9(4), pages 742-784, August.
    4. Holger Bonin & Wolfram Kempe & Hilmar Schneider, 2003. "Kombilohn oder Workfare?: Zur Wirksamkeit zweier arbeitsmarktpolitischer Strategien," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 72(1), pages 51-67.
    5. Schneider, Hilmar & Brenke, Karl & Kaiser, Lutz C. & Steinwede, Jacob & Jesske, Birgit & Uhlendorff, Arne, 2006. "Report No. 7: Evaluation der Maßnahmen zur Umsetzung der Vorschläge der Hartz-Kommission - Bericht 2005," IZA Research Reports 7, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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    Cited by:

    1. Heyer, Gerd & Koch, Susanne & Stephan, Gesine & Wolff, Joachim, 2011. "Evaluation der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik: Ein Sachstandsbericht für die Instrumentenreform 2011 (Evaluation of active labor market programs : a summary of recent results for the German program refor," IAB Discussion Paper 201117, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    2. Wolfram Lamping, 2009. "Verbraucherkompetenz und Verbraucherschutz auf Wohlfahrtsmärkten: neue Herausforderungen an eine sozialpolitische Verbraucherpolitik," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 78(3), pages 44-62.
    3. René Fahr & Uwe Sunde, 2009. "Did the Hartz Reforms Speed-Up the Matching Process? A Macro-Evaluation Using Empirical Matching Functions," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 10, pages 284-316, August.
    4. Moritz Zöllner & Michael Fritsch & Michael Wyrwich, 2016. "An Evaluation of German Active Labor Market Policies and its Entrepreneurship Promotion," Jena Economic Research Papers 2016-022, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
    5. Gerd Heyer & Susanne Koch & Gesine Stephan & Joachim Wolff, 2012. "Evaluation der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik: Ein Sachstandsbericht für die Instrumentenreform 2011," Journal for Labour Market Research, Springer;Institute for Employment Research/ Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), vol. 45(1), pages 41-62, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Germany; Hartz-Reforms; occupational training; program evaluation;

    JEL classification:

    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy
    • H43 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Project Evaluation; Social Discount Rate
    • D61 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis

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