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Certification effect and capital structure determinants in venture-backed companies

Author

Listed:
  • Alvaro Tresierra Tanaka

    () (Facultad de Económicas)

  • José Martí Pellón

    (Universidad Complutense de Madrid)

  • Marina Balboa

    (Universidad de Alicante)

Abstract

This paper analyzes changes in capital structure behavior in a sample of Spanish venture capital (VC) backed companies that may occur after a VC investment due to the certification effect provided by VC investors. Our results show significant changes in determinants such as tangibility, size and profitability. Regarding tangibility and size, the entry of an external investor eases the need to have neither tangible assets nor a large size to obtain additional debt financing. About the effect of profitability, the investments made after the initial VC investment do affect short-term profitability, but this situation is not linked to the restricted access to external debt. We find that VC investors contribute to unlisted growing companies by attracting other long-term sources of funds to continue their growth process. Este artículo analiza los cambios que pueden ocurrir en la estructura de capital de empresas que reciben capital riesgo una vez que han recibido dicha financiación, y que podrían deberse al efecto certificación que proporcionan los inversores de capital riesgo. Los resultados muestran cambios significativos en algunas de las variables determinantes de la estructura de capital, como los activos tangibles, el tamaño de la empresa, y su rentabilidad. En cuanto a las dos primeras variables, la entrada del inversor de capital riesgo relaja la necesidad tanto de poseer un volumen de activos tangibles elevado, como la de tener un tamaño empresarial grande para obtener financiación adicional a través de deuda. En cuanto a la rentabilidad, y aunque las inversiones que se realizan una vez que se ha recibido la financiación de capital riesgo tienen un efecto sobre la rentabilidad empresarial a corto plazo, no se encuentra que ello impida el acceso a financiación adicional a través de deuda. El trabajo muestra que los inversores de capital riesgo contribuyen a que las empresas no cotizadas consigan financiación de otras fuentes a largo plazo que les permita continuar con su proceso de crecimiento.

Suggested Citation

  • Alvaro Tresierra Tanaka & José Martí Pellón & Marina Balboa, 2012. "Certification effect and capital structure determinants in venture-backed companies," Working Papers. Serie EC 2012-02, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  • Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:2012-02
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    File URL: http://www.ivie.es/downloads/docs/wpasec/wpasec-2012-02.pdf
    File Function: Fisrt version / Primera version, 2012
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Casamatta, Catherine & Haritchabalet, Carole, 2003. "Learning and Syndication in Venture Capital Investments," CEPR Discussion Papers 3867, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Engel, Dirk & Keilbach, Max, 2007. "Firm-level implications of early stage venture capital investment -- An empirical investigation," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 150-167, March.
    3. Christian Hopp & Finn Rieder, 2011. "What drives venture capital syndication?," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(23), pages 3089-3102.
    4. Murray Z. Frank & Vidhan K. Goyal, 2009. "Capital Structure Decisions: Which Factors Are Reliably Important?," Financial Management, Financial Management Association International, vol. 38(1), pages 1-37, March.
    5. Casamatta, Catherine & Haritchabalet, Carole, 2007. "Experience, screening and syndication in venture capital investments," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 368-398, July.
    6. Masako Ueda, 2000. "Bank versus venture capital," Economics Working Papers 522, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    7. Chan, Yuk-Shee, 1983. " On the Positive Role of Financial Intermediation in Allocation of Venture Capital in a Market with Imperfect Information," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 38(5), pages 1543-1568, December.
    8. Chan, Yuk-Shee & Thakor, Anjan V, 1987. " Collateral and Competitive Equilibria with Moral Hazard and Private Information," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 42(2), pages 345-363, June.
    9. Megginson, William L & Weiss, Kathleen A, 1991. " Venture Capitalist Certification in Initial Public Offerings," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 46(3), pages 879-903, July.
    10. Frank, Murray Z. & Goyal, Vidhan K., 2003. "Testing the pecking order theory of capital structure," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(2), pages 217-248, February.
    11. Baum, Joel A. C. & Silverman, Brian S., 2004. "Picking winners or building them? Alliance, intellectual, and human capital as selection criteria in venture financing and performance of biotechnology startups," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 411-436, May.
    12. de Miguel, Alberto & Pindado, Julio, 2001. "Determinants of capital structure: new evidence from Spanish panel data," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 77-99, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    capital riesgo; estructura de capital; teoría del trade-off; valor añadido. capital structure determinants; venture capital; trade-off theory; value added.;

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage

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