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Optimal Monetary Policy and Economic Growth

  • Bhattacharya, Joydeep
  • Haslag, Joseph
  • Martin, Antoine

This paper studies a overlapping generations economy with capital where limited communication and stochastic relocation create an endogenous transactions role for fiat money. We assume a production function with a knowledge-externality (Romer-style) that nests economies with endogenous growth (AK form) and those with no long run growth (the Diamond model). We show that the Tobin effect is always operative. Under CRRA preferences, irrespective of the degree of risk aversion, we also show that for some positive inflation to be optimal and for the Friedman rule to be sub-optimal, it is sufficient (but not necessary) that there be a mild degree of social increasing returns

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Paper provided by Iowa State University, Department of Economics in its series Staff General Research Papers Archive with number 12413.

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Date of creation: 01 Jan 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in European Economic Review 2009, vol. 53 no. 2, pp. 210-221
Handle: RePEc:isu:genres:12413
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Iowa State University, Dept. of Economics, 260 Heady Hall, Ames, IA 50011-1070

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  1. McCallum, Bennett T., 1990. "Inflation: Theory and evidence," Handbook of Monetary Economics, in: B. M. Friedman & F. H. Hahn (ed.), Handbook of Monetary Economics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 18, pages 963-1012 Elsevier.
  2. Bhattacharya, Joydeep & Haslag, Joseph H. & Martin, Antoine, 2006. "Sub-optimality of the Friedman rule in Townsend's turnpike and stochastic relocation models of money: Do finite lives and initial dates matter?," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 879-897, May.
  3. Weiss, Laurence M, 1980. "The Effects of Money Supply on Economic Welfare in the Steady State," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(3), pages 565-76, April.
  4. Gaetano Antinolfi & Elisabeth Huybens & Todd Keister, 2000. "Monetary Stability and Liquidity Crises: The Role of the Lender of Last Resort," Working Papers 0001, Centro de Investigacion Economica, ITAM.
  5. Theodore Palivos, 1999. "Optimal Monetary Policy with Heterogeneous Agents: Is There a Case for Inflation?," Computing in Economics and Finance 1999 353, Society for Computational Economics.
  6. Jayasri Dutta & Sandeep Kapur, 1998. "Liquidity Preference and Financial Intermediation," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 65(3), pages 551-572.
  7. Theodore Palivos, 2005. "Optimal monetary policy with heterogeneous agents: a case for inflation," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 57(1), pages 34-50, January.
  8. Bruce Champ & Bruce D. Smith & Stephen D. Williamson, 1996. "Currency Elasticity and Banking Panics: Theory and Evidence," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 29(4), pages 828-64, November.
  9. David K. Levine, 1991. "Asset Trading Mechanisms and Expansionary Policy," Levine's Working Paper Archive 43, David K. Levine.
  10. Stacey L. Schreft & Bruce D. Smith, 1998. "The Effects of Open Market Operations in a Model of Intermediation and Growth," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 65(3), pages 519-550.
  11. Carl E. Walsh, 2003. "Monetary Theory and Policy, 2nd Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 2, volume 1, number 0262232316, December.
  12. Joydeep Bhattacharya & Joseph H. Haslag & Antoine Martin, 2004. "Heterogeneity, redistribution, and the Friedman rule," Research Working Paper RWP 04-01, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
  13. Beatrix Paal & Bruce D. Smith, 2013. "The sub-optimality of the Friedman rule and the optimum quantity of money," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 14(2), pages 911-948, November.
  14. Douglas W. Diamond & Philip H. Dybvig, 2000. "Bank runs, deposit insurance, and liquidity," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Win, pages 14-23.
  15. R. Todd Smith, 1998. "The Friedman Rule and Optimal Monetary Policy," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 31(2), pages 295-302, May.
  16. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-37, October.
  17. Maxim Nikitin & Steven Russell, 2006. "Monetary policy arithmetic: reconciling theory with evidence," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 39(1), pages 348-374, February.
  18. Townsend, Robert M, 1987. "Economic Organization with Limited Communication," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(5), pages 954-71, December.
  19. Walsh, Carl E, 2003. " Accountability, Transparency, and Inflation Targeting," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 35(5), pages 829-49, October.
  20. Joe Haslag & Joydeep Bhattacharya & Steven Russell, 2003. "Understanding the Roles of Money, or When is the Friedman Rule Optimal, and Why?," Working Papers 0301, Department of Economics, University of Missouri.
  21. Bruce D. Smith, 2002. "Monetary Policy, Banking Crises, and the Friedman Rule," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(2), pages 128-134, May.
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