Does the Glass Ceiling Exist? A Longitudinal Study of Women’s Progress on French Corporate Boards
In this article, we conduct a longitudinal study of women’s progress on French corporate boards of directors. We particularly focus on the extent to which women directors have circumvented the glass ceiling. Using a sample of SBF 120 companies over a 10-year period from 2000 to 2009, our results provide evidence of a significant increase in the number of women on French corporate boards. However, the corporate glass ceiling hypothesis is consistently rejected whatever the considered measure of female directors, i.e., the number of board seats held by women, the number of firms with a critical mass of female directors, and the number of directorships held by each women director.
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