IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Metodologias para Estabelecer a Linha de Pobreza: Objetivas, Subjetivas, Relativas, Multidimensionais

Listed author(s):
  • Sergei Suarez Dillon Soares

O objetivo deste texto é comparar várias abordagens para definir uma linha de pobreza. Apesar de o Método Calórico Indireto (ou Cost of Basic Needs) ser o mais usado no Brasil para o cálculo de linhas de pobreza, não é o único e há várias abordagens utilizadas em outros países e em outros tempos. O presente estudo resume, além da abordagem calórica indireta, a calórica direta e discute as abordagens multidimensionais, pouco comuns no Brasil, embora bastante usadas no restante da América Latina. Também analisa as linhas oficiais de pobreza, tais como meio salário mínimo ou um dólar por dia em termos de paridade de poder de compra (PPC). Finalmente, o texto trata de linhas relativas e subjetivas de pobreza, mais usadas nos países europeus da OCDE que em outros lugares. A principal conclusão é que, apesar de algumas abordagens serem melhores que outras, isso depende do contexto e não há método perfeito e isento de críticas para determinar quem é e quem não é pobre. The objective of this text is to compare various approaches to defining poverty lines. The Cost of Basic Needs approach has been the most widely used method in Brazil and Latin America, there are various alternatives. In addition to the Cost of Basic Needs and Food Energy Intake methods, the text also discusses multidimensional poverty lines, not widely used in Brazil but quite popular in the rest of Latin America. Administrative poverty lines, such as half of a minimum wage or a dollar a day in purchasing power parity terms, are also discussed. Finally, the text also discusses relative and subjective poverty lines, widely used in the European OECD countries. The text’s main conclusion is that although some approaches are better than others, this depends on the context. There is no perfect and criticism-proof method for defining who is and who is not poor.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1381.

in new window

Length: 53 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2009
Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1381
Contact details of provider: Postal:
SBS - Quadra 01 - Bloco J - Ed. BNDES, Brasília, DF - 70076-90

Phone: +55(061)315-5000
Fax: +55(61)321-1597
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

in new window

  1. Becker, Gary S, 1974. "A Theory of Social Interactions," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(6), pages 1063-1093, Nov.-Dec..
  2. Menno Pradhan & Martin Ravallion, 2000. "Measuring Poverty Using Qualitative Perceptions Of Consumption Adequacy," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 82(3), pages 462-471, August.
  3. Henrique Vinhais & André Portela Souza, 2006. "Pobreza Relativa Ou Absoluta? A Linha Híbrida De Pobreza No Brasil," Anais do XXXIV Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 34th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 140, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
  4. Arie Kapteyn & Peter Kooreman & Rob Willemse, 1988. "Some Methodological Issues in the Implementation of Subjective Poverty Definitions," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 23(2), pages 222-242.
  5. Fábio Monteiro Vaz & Sergei Suarez Dillon Soares, 2008. "Linhas de pobreza subjetivas para o Brasil," Anais do XXXVI Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 36th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 200807211622320, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1381. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Fabio Schiavinatto)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.