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Liberalização da Conta de Capitais e Inflação: A Experiência Brasileira no Período Pós-Real


  • Helder Ferreira de Mendonça
  • Manoel Carlos de Castro Pires


In the 1990s the idea that capital account liberalization represented a mechanism fordisciplining the conduction of the monetary policy in the search for price stabilitywas developed. Based on this argument, a new version of Gruben e McLeod?s (2001)model applying a dynamic public debt constraint to the monetary authority?s utilityfunction is made. Furthermore, an empirical analysis (through application of VAR)was made for the Brazilian case with the objective of evaluating if the increase in thecapital account liberalization after the introduction of the Real Plan contributed toprice stability. The findings denote that a decrease in the capital accountliberalization is capable of attenuating inflationary pressure and that the duration ofthis effect depends on the exchange regime used.

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  • Helder Ferreira de Mendonça & Manoel Carlos de Castro Pires, 2005. "Liberalização da Conta de Capitais e Inflação: A Experiência Brasileira no Período Pós-Real," Discussion Papers 1121, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1121

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    1. Eichengreen, Barry & Tobin, James & Wyplosz, Charles, 1995. "Two Cases for Sand in the Wheels of International Finance," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 105(428), pages 162-172, January.
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    3. Bartolini, Leonardo & Drazen, Allan, 1997. "Capital-Account Liberalization as a Signal," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(1), pages 138-154, March.
    4. Maurice Obstfeld & Alan M. Taylor, 1998. "The Great Depression as a Watershed: International Capital Mobility over the Long Run," NBER Chapters,in: The Defining Moment: The Great Depression and the American Economy in the Twentieth Century, pages 353-402 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Carmen M. Reinhart, 2000. "Mirage of Floating Exchange Rates," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(2), pages 65-70, May.
    6. Berger, Helge & de Haan, Jakob & Eijffinger, Sylvester C W, 2001. " Central Bank Independence: An Update of Theory and Evidence," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(1), pages 3-40, February.
    7. Stanley Fischer, 2001. "Exchange Rate Regimes: Is the Bipolar View Correct?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 15(2), pages 3-24, Spring.
    8. Kydland, Finn E & Prescott, Edward C, 1977. "Rules Rather Than Discretion: The Inconsistency of Optimal Plans," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 85(3), pages 473-491, June.
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