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Aposentadoria, Pressão Salarial e Desemprego por Nível de Qualificação


  • José Márcio Camargo
  • Maurício Cortez Reis


During the 90?s the unemployment rate and the household retirement income percapita rose sharply in Brazil. It happened in a more intense way for the unskilledworkers than for the other groups. According to the argument of this paper, theincrease in household retirement income could have affected workers reservationwage, augmenting their wage pressure. In this way, wage pressure changes could haveimplied in higher unemployment and long-term unemployment rates. The empiricalevidence, using the Brazilian Natioanl Household Sample Survey [Pesquisa Nacionalpor Amostra de Domicílios (PNAD)] data from 1981 to 1999, shows that thehousehold retirement income has a positive effect on the unemployment rate and onthe long-term unemployment rate for unskilled workers.

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  • José Márcio Camargo & Maurício Cortez Reis, 2005. "Aposentadoria, Pressão Salarial e Desemprego por Nível de Qualificação," Discussion Papers 1115, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1115

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. David G. Blanchflower & Andrew J. Oswald, 1995. "The Wage Curve," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026202375x, January.
    2. Moffitt, Robert, 1993. "Identification and estimation of dynamic models with a time series of repeated cross-sections," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 59(1-2), pages 99-123, September.
    3. Machin, Stephen & Manning, Alan, 1999. "The causes and consequences of longterm unemployment in Europe," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 47, pages 3085-3139 Elsevier.
    4. Layard, Richard & Nickell, Stephen & Jackman, Richard, 2005. "Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199279173.
    5. Atkinson, Anthony B & Micklewright, John, 1991. "Unemployment Compensation and Labor Market Transitions: A Critical Review," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 29(4), pages 1679-1727, December.
    6. Christopher A. Pissarides, 2000. "Equilibrium Unemployment Theory, 2nd Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262161877, January.
    7. Nickell, Stephen J, 1979. "Estimating the Probability of Leaving Unemployment," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(5), pages 1249-1266, September.
    8. Arulampalam, Wiji & Stewart, Mark B, 1995. "The Determinants of Individual Unemployment Durations in an Era of High Unemployment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 105(429), pages 321-332, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Pedro Rodrigues de OLIVEIRA & Ana Lúcia KASSOUF, 2012. "Impact Evaluation of the Brazilian Non-Contributory Pension Program Benefício de Prestação Continuada (BPC) on Family Welfare," Working Papers PIERI 2012-12, PEP-PIERI.
    2. Ana lucia Kassouf & Pedro Oliveira, 2014. "Impact Evaluation of the Brazilian Social Programs on Family Welfare," ERSA conference papers ersa14p132, European Regional Science Association.

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