FDI and Labor Markets in General Equilibrium
International wage differences -driven by international technology or factor endowment differences-encourage the flow of Foreign Direct Investment from high- to low-wage countries. However, the access of high-technology firms may drive domestic wages up, dampening the incentives for FDI flows. A general equilibrium model that emphasizes the joint determination of FDI flows and labor market outcomes yield several conclusions. First, an equilibrium with positive FDI inflows and wages above autarky levels is more likely in large labor-abundant technology-backward countries or when the fixed cost of foreign investment is low. Second, the conditions that depress autarky wages -technology differences and labor abundance- are those than enhance the equilibrium wage rate when FDI takes place. Third, FDI rises the relative cost of labor in the host economy, shifting the domestic production structure toward a more capital-intensive mix. Finally, the sectoral distribution of FDI flows does not depend upon differences in factor intensities, and it is solely determined by sectoral differences in the fixed cost of foreign investment.
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- Ronald Findlay, 1978. "Relative Backwardness, Direct Foreign Investment, and the Transfer of Technology: A Simple Dynamic Model," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 92(1), pages 1-16.
- James R. Markusen, 2004.
"Multinational Firms and the Theory of International Trade,"
MIT Press Books,
The MIT Press,
edition 1, volume 1, number 0262633078, March.
- Markusen, James R., 2002. "Multinational Firms and the Theory of International Trade," MPRA Paper 8380, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Robert E. Lipsey, 2002. "Home and Host Country Effects of FDI," NBER Working Papers 9293, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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