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Comment mesurer la pauvreté? Une déconstruction méthodologique de l’évolution de la pauvreté monétaire à Kisenso (Kinshasa RDC), 1997-2002

  • De Herdt, Tom
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    En partant de la présentation les fondements théoriques de l’approche monétaire de la pauvreté, nous faisons une critique méthodologique de cette approche en abordant quatre questions : la question de l’unité d’analyse, des ressources, de la comparaison du bien-être dans le temps et de la comparaison du bien-être avec le fameux seuil ‘universel’ de pauvreté. Chaque question représente une étape vers l’opérationnalisation du concept de pauvreté, mais chaque réponse contient également des éléments théoriquement triviaux, des supposés pragmatiques qu’il faut faire pour arriver au résultat final. La pertinence des differents débats méthodologiques est illustré avec les données des deux enquêtes représentatives menées à Kisenso, une des communes de Kinshasa. Nous allons constater que les supposés derrière la mesure de pauvreté monétaire déterminent dans une large mesure le résultat final, de manière qu’il est difficile de faire un énoncé définitif sur la comparaison 1997-2002 si nous nous contentons à utiliser l’indicateur monétaire de pauvreté à lui seul.

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    Paper provided by Universiteit Antwerpen, Institute of Development Policy and Management (IOB) in its series IOB Discussion Papers with number 2004.06.

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    Length: 40 pages
    Date of creation: Oct 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:iob:dpaper:2004006
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    1. Sen, Amartya, 1983. "Poor, Relatively Speaking," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 35(2), pages 153-69, July.
    2. Dreze, Jean & Srinivasan, P. V., 1997. "Widowhood and poverty in rural India: Some inferences from household survey data," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(2), pages 217-234, December.
    3. Angus Deaton, 2003. "How to Monitor Poverty for the Millennium Development Goals," Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(3), pages 353-378.
    4. Ravallion, Martin & Datt, Gaurav & van de Walle, Dominique, 1991. "Quantifying Absolute Poverty in the Developing World," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 37(4), pages 345-61, December.
    5. Grosh, M.E. & Glewwe, P., 1995. "A Guide to Living Standards Measurement Study Surveys and their Data Sets," Papers 120, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement.
    6. Hentschel, J. & Lanjouw, P., 1996. "Constructing an Indicator of Consumption for the Analysis of Poverty. Principles and Illustrations with Reference to Ecuador," Papers 127, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement.
    7. Deaton, Angus S & Muellbauer, John, 1986. "On Measuring Child Costs: With Applications to Poor Countries," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(4), pages 720-44, August.
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