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Social Spending and Income Redistribution in Argentina During the 2000s: the Rising Role of Noncontributory Pensions. Extended Version

Author

Listed:
  • Nora Lustig

    (Tulane University and Center for Global Development and Inter-American Dialogue)

  • Carola Pessino

    (Department of Economics at the Universidad del CEMA, Argentina and Center for Global Development, Washington, DC)

Abstract

Between 2003 and 2009, Argentina’s social spending as a share of GDP increased by 7.6 percentage points. Marginal benefit incidence analysis for 2003, 2006, and 2009 suggests that the contribution of cash transfers to the reduction of disposable income inequality and poverty rose markedly between 2006 and 2009 primarily due to the launching of a noncontributory pension program – the pension moratorium – in 2004. Noncontributory pensions as a share of GDP rose by 2.2 percentage points between 2003 and 2009 and entailed a redistribution of income to the poor, and from the formal sector pensioners with above minimum pensions to the beneficiaries of the pension moratorium. The redistributive impact of the expansion of public spending on education and health was also sizeable and equalizing, but to a lesser degree. An assessment of fiscal funding sources puts the sustainability of the redistributive policies into question, unless nonsocial spending is significantly cut.

Suggested Citation

  • Nora Lustig & Carola Pessino, 2012. "Social Spending and Income Redistribution in Argentina During the 2000s: the Rising Role of Noncontributory Pensions. Extended Version," Working Papers 276, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  • Handle: RePEc:inq:inqwps:ecineq2012-276
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Nora Lustig & Carola Pessino, 2014. "Social Spending and Income Redistribution in Argentina during the 2000s: The Increasing Role of Noncontributory Pensions," Public Finance Review, , vol. 42(3), pages 304-325, May.
    2. Nora Lustig & Carola Pessino, 2012. "Social Spending and Income Redistribution in Argentina During the 2000s: the Rising Role of Noncontributory Pensions," Working Papers 1221, Tulane University, Department of Economics.
    3. Leonardo Gasparini & Guillermo Cruces, 2010. "Las asignaciones universales por hijo en Argentina: Impacto, discusión y alternativas," Económica, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, vol. 0, pages 145-186, January-D.
    4. Leonardo Gasparini & Guillermo Cruces, 2010. "Las asignaciones universales por hijo en Argentina: Impacto, discusión y alternativas," Económica, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, vol. 0, pages 145-186, January-D.
    5. Bosch, Mariano & Guajardo, Jarret, 2018. "Labor Market Impacts of Non-Contributory Pensions: The Case of Argentina's Moratorium," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 4094, Inter-American Development Bank.
    6. Emanuela Galasso & Martin Ravallion, 2004. "Social Protection in a Crisis: Argentina's Plan Jefes y Jefas," The World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 18(3), pages 367-399.
    7. Mariano Bosch & Jarret Guajardo, 2012. "Labor Market Impacts of Non-Contributory Pensions: The Case of Argentina's Moratorium," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 78158, Inter-American Development Bank.
    8. Fiszbein, Ariel & Adúriz, Isidro & Giovagnoli, Paula Inés, 2003. "El impacto de la crisis argentina en el bienestar de los hogares," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), April.
    9. Leonardo Gasparini & Guillermo Cruces, 2010. "Las Asignaciones Universales Por Hijo. Impacto, Discusión y Alternativas," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0102, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
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    Cited by:

    1. Pedro Moncarz, 2015. "Implicit redistribution within Argentina’s social security system: a micro-simulation exercise," Latin American Economic Review, Springer;Centro de Investigaciòn y Docencia Económica (CIDE), vol. 24(1), pages 1-35, December.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    social spending; benefit incidence; inequality; poverty; Argentina.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • H22 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Incidence
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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