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Banks as Catalysts of the Big Push

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  • Marco Da Rin
  • Thomas Hellmann

Abstract

A literature has developed to substantiate Rosenstein-Rodan's intuition that coordination of a critical mass of investments may induce industrialization through a 'big push'. This literature has essentially ignored the question of what economic institutions may overcome the coordination failures which give rise to an 'underdevelopment trap'. In this paper we propose that banks may act as a 'catalyst' for the 'big push'. Our work is motivated by historic evidence that suggest an association between a 'big push' and the emergence of large banks. We develop a model based on Murphy, Shleifer and Vishny (1989) and show that a 'large' bank with sufficient market power can induce the 'big push' by coordinating the investments of a subset of firms in the economy. This creates a critical mass of demand that induces other firms to invest as well. A bank may coordinate firms directly, but more importantly indirectly, that is through the terms of its loans, offering either a low interest rate or investment guarantees. We also show that a overnment might in principle improve on the private market outcome (by subsidizing a bank's coordination activities), but that problems of incentives, credibility and dynamic efficiency makes this difficult.

Suggested Citation

  • Marco Da Rin & Thomas Hellmann, "undated". "Banks as Catalysts of the Big Push," Working Papers 98, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
  • Handle: RePEc:igi:igierp:98
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Shleifer, Andrei & Vishny, Robert W, 1988. "The Efficiency of Investment in the Presence of Aggregate Demand Spillovers," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 96(6), pages 1221-1231, December.
    2. Kiminori Matsuyama, 1991. "Increasing Returns, Industrialization, and Indeterminacy of Equilibrium," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(2), pages 617-650.
    3. Kiminori Matsuyama, 1995. "Complementarities and Cumulative Processes in Models of Monopolistic Competition," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 33(2), pages 701-729, June.
    4. Russell Cooper & Andrew John, 1988. "Coordinating Coordination Failures in Keynesian Models," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 103(3), pages 441-463.
    5. Steven N. Durlauf, 1993. "Nonergodic Economic Growth," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 60(2), pages 349-366.
    6. Ciccone, Antonio & Matsuyama, Kiminori, 1996. "Start-up costs and pecuniary externalities as barriers to economic development," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 33-59, April.
    7. Paul Krugman, 1991. "History versus Expectations," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(2), pages 651-667.
    8. Murphy, Kevin M & Shleifer, Andrei & Vishny, Robert W, 1989. "Industrialization and the Big Push," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(5), pages 1003-1026, October.
    9. Costas Azariadis & Allan Drazen, 1990. "Threshold Externalities in Economic Development," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 105(2), pages 501-526.
    10. Okuno-Fujiwara, Masahiro, 1988. "Interdependence of industries, coordination failure and strategic promotion of an industry," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(1-2), pages 25-43, August.
    11. Milgrom, Paul & Roberts, John, 1995. "The Economics of Modern Manufacturing: Reply," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(4), pages 997-999, September.
    12. repec:hoo:wpaper:e-92-18 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Fafchamps, Marcel & Helms, Brigit, 1996. "Local demand, investment multipliers, and industrialization: Theory and application to the Guatemalan highlands," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 61-92, April.
    14. Nobuhiro Kiyotaki, 1988. "Multiple Expectational Equilibria Under Monopolistic Competition," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 103(4), pages 695-713.
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    Cited by:

    1. Da Rin, Marco & Hellmann, Thomas, 2002. "Banks as Catalysts for Industrialization," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 366-397, October.

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