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Dispute Resolution Institutions and Strategic Militarization

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  • Adam Meirowitz
  • Massimo Morelli
  • Kristopher W. Ramsay
  • Francesco Squintani

Abstract

Existant studies of confl ict, negotiation and international relations do not take into account that the institutions used to resolve disputes shape the incentives for entering disputes in the first place. Because engagement in a costly and destructive war is the `punishment' for entering a dispute, institutions that reduce the chances that a dispute lead to open con flict may make more disputes emerge and incentivize militarization. We provide a simple model in which the support for unmediated peace talks, while effective in improving the chance of peace for a given distribution of military strength, ultimately leads to the emergence of more disputes and to higher con flict outbreak. Happily, we find that not all con flict resolution institutions suffer from these, apparently paradoxical, but actually quite intuitive drawbacks. We identify a form of third-party intervention inspired by the celebrated work by Myerson, and show that it can broker peace in emerged disputes effectively and also avoid perverse militarization incentives.

Suggested Citation

  • Adam Meirowitz & Massimo Morelli & Kristopher W. Ramsay & Francesco Squintani, 2015. "Dispute Resolution Institutions and Strategic Militarization," Working Papers 540, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
  • Handle: RePEc:igi:igierp:540
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Garfinkel,Michelle R. & Skaperdas,Stergios (ed.), 1996. "The Political Economy of Conflict and Appropriation," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521560634, July - De.
    2. repec:wly:amposc:v:53:y:2009:i:3:p:588-602 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Jacob Bercovitch & J. Theodore Anagnoson & Donnette L. Wille, 1991. "Some Conceptual Issues and Empirical Trends in the Study of Successful Mediation in International Relations," Journal of Peace Research, Peace Research Institute Oslo, vol. 28(1), pages 7-17, February.
    4. Garfinkel, Michelle R, 1990. "Arming as a Strategic Investment in a Cooperative Equilibrium," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(1), pages 50-68, March.
    5. repec:cup:apsrev:v:92:y:1998:i:03:p:623-638_21 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Cited by:

    1. Meirowitz, Adam & Morelli, Massimo & Ramsay, Kristopher & Squintani, Francesco, 2019. "Third Party Intervention and Strategic Militarization," CEPR Discussion Papers 13879, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Andrea Canidio & Joan-Maria Esteban, 2018. "Benevolent Mediation in the Shadow of Conflict," Working Papers 1027, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.

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