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El punto que le falta al CAFTA

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  • José Antonio Reyes

Abstract

Aunque la motivación del Tratado de Libre Comercio entre Estados Unidos y Centroamérica (CAFTA) con Estados Unidos es generar beneficios para los exportadores e importadores, es probable que los elevados costos portuarios en la región incidan negativamente en esos beneficios. Los costos elevados, junto con las inquietudes sobre la infraestructura, seguridad, eficiencia y productividad, pueden hacer disminuir los beneficios potenciales del CAFTA. Por lo tanto, Centroamérica debe efectuar reformas jurídicas que permitan la privatización de puertos, dado que el sector privado posee los recursos necesarios para invertir en esos puertos y hacerlos competitivos.

Suggested Citation

  • José Antonio Reyes, 2007. "El punto que le falta al CAFTA," Research Department Publications 4529, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4529
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    File URL: http://www.iadb.org/research/pub_hits.cfm?pub_id=WP-610&pub_file_name=pubWP-610.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ricardo J Sánchez & Jan Hoffmann & Alejandro Micco & Georgina V Pizzolitto & Martín Sgut & Gordon Wilmsmeier, 2003. "Port Efficiency and International Trade: Port Efficiency as a Determinant of Maritime Transport Costs," Maritime Economics & Logistics, Palgrave Macmillan;International Association of Maritime Economists (IAME), vol. 5(2), pages 199-218, June.
    2. Jan Hoffmann, 2001. "Latin American Ports: Results and Determinants of Private Sector Participation," Maritime Economics & Logistics, Palgrave Macmillan;International Association of Maritime Economists (IAME), vol. 3(2), pages 221-241, June.
    3. Dollar, David & Micco, Alejandro & Clark, Ximena, 2002. "Maritime transport costs and port efficiency," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2781, The World Bank.
    4. Cullinane Kevin & Song Dong-Wook & Ji Ping & Wang Teng-Fei, 2004. "An Application of DEA Windows Analysis to Container Port Production Efficiency," Review of Network Economics, De Gruyter, pages 1-23.
    5. Trujillo, Lourdes & Nombela, Gustavo, 1999. "Privatization and regulation of the seaport industry," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2181, The World Bank.
    6. Sánchez, Ricardo & Wilmsmeier, Gordon, 2005. "Bridging infrastructural gaps in Central America: prospects and potential for maritime transport," Recursos Naturales e Infraestructura 97, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
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