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Conglomerados y ventaja comparativa: implicaciones para la política industrial

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  • Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

Abstract

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) Los conglomerados industriales surgen en presencia de externalidades propias de actividades específicas y de las características locales, lo que también se conoce como `externalidades de Marshall`. El argumento habitual es que tales externalidades pueden justificar una política de protección a industrias incipientes, para permitir y alentar el surgimiento de conglomerados. En este trabajo se analiza ese argumento y se muestra que pueden surgir implicaciones de políticas distintas si se aplica un modelo de conglomerados más apegado a la realidad. En particular, en vez de distorsionar los precios para promover la formación de conglomerados en actividades `avanzadas` con grandes posibilidades de formación de conglomerados, convendría más bien que los países se concentraran en promover la formación de conglomerados en sectores ya existentes y que hayan demostrado los mayores niveles de ventaja comparativa. La sustitución de importaciones no es una forma adecuada de alcanzar ese objetivo.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrés Rodríguez-Clare, 2005. "Conglomerados y ventaja comparativa: implicaciones para la política industrial," Research Department Publications 4392, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4392
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ciccone, Antonio & Matsuyama, Kiminori, 1996. "Start-up costs and pecuniary externalities as barriers to economic development," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 33-59, April.
    2. Rodriguez-Clare, Andres, 1996. "The division of labor and economic development," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 3-32, April.
    3. Klenow, Peter J. & Rodriguez-Clare, Andres, 2005. "Externalities and Growth," Handbook of Economic Growth,in: Philippe Aghion & Steven Durlauf (ed.), Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 11, pages 817-861 Elsevier.
    4. Parente, Stephen L & Prescott, Edward C, 1994. "Barriers to Technology Adoption and Development," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 102(2), pages 298-321, April.
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